Page:Folk-lore - A Quarterly Review. Volume 17, 1906.djvu/193

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


Native Tribes of South- East Australia. i8i YuiN. Marital terms include Ngandjan-duri. M. Wife, wife's sisters, brother's wife. Tarrama. F. Husband, husband's brothers, sister's husband. This is a coast tribe without classes or sub-classes, but with totems which regulate marriage. Descent is in the male line with individual marriage. Chepara. Marital terms include Nubunping-un. M. Wife, brother's wife. Nubunping. F. Husband, husband's brothers, sister's husband. The wife's sister is the inmnarinkun of her brother-in- law. The second term for wife's sister was not obtained, but I think that it would probably be nubunpingun. I am indebted to Mr. James Gibson for this in- formation. It is to be noted that three of these tribes have only one marital term, which is reciprocal like our word spouse. Cases like this occur here and there. I do not know of any rule as to its occurrence or absence. The next step is to explain how these relationships work out in regard to marriage in each of the tribes quoted. To do this clearly it will be necessary to make use of a diagram, and to avoid repetition it will suffice to use one for each of the extreme cases, the Dieri and the Kurnai. Diagram I. Dieri. This represents two brothers, own or tribal, of the Matteri class, i M and 2 M, and two sisters, own or tribal of the Kararu class, 3 K and 4 K. The attached numbers are added for convenience of reference, i and 2 are in the relation of 7ioa to 3 and 4 and vice versa.