surface, in a silver socket to which small bells are attached ; Toledo. This kind of glass seems evidently to have been con- sidered protective; I have seen some half-dozen or more "fig" hands made of it (one of these is described supra, vol. xvii.,
PP- 459> 460).
A chiipador of an ordinary form, similar to that of the one shown supra, vol. xxiv., Plate I., Fig. 21, but of colourless glass and in a sheet-iron socket with a silver chain, was obtained at Madrid ; in this the portion just below the socket is twisted, the twisting seemingly taking the place of the more usual twisted coloured stripes. This specimen, like that of Fig. 7, and like most of the other various glass specimens I have seen, was spoken of as " an amulet " for children.
Fig. 9. A large drop-shaped piece of rock-crystal, with numerous facets, and with a small hole through its upper end, in a silver frame with a chain ; Madrid. The glass specimen shown in Fig. 18, Plate I., vol. xxiv., supra, is almost identical with it in form. As the facetting makes the glass more catching to the eye, I imagine that it is probably thought to add to the efficacy of the amulet against the evil eye.
Fig. 10. A small facetted drop of rock-crystal, with a silver socket and chain ; Seville.
Fig. II. A heart-shaped piece of colourless glass, in a silver frame; Madrid.
Fig. 12. A pyramidal piece of brown aventurine glass, in a silver frame ; Toledo. Specific intention not ascertained.
Fig. 13. A long drop-shaped piece of milky agate, in a silver socket ; Seville. Probably to be worn to secure an abundance of milk during nursing.
Fig. 14. A carnelian bead, in the form of a long hexagonal prism, with an ornamented silver cap (furnished with a loop) at each end; Madrid. This object is seemingly arranged for tying upon some part of the body as a remedial agent ; I could not ascertain its specific intention, but I suspect it to be associated in some way with the blood. While the object, in shape, is strikingly like certain modern metal charm-cases of Arabic peoples, it is, I believe, Spanish in origin, because I obtained another of the same material and of similar form at Madrid