Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/457

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 [134d]  Rem. In Lv 2422 אֶחָד follows the construct state מִשְׁפַּט, but here as in Nu 1516 מִשְׁפָּט should be read. In Gn 4219 אֶחָד is in apposition to a substantive with a suffix (= one of you brethren; but verse 33 the one of you brethren). In Nu 3128 אֶחָד precedes the substantive in the Aramaic manner (= one each).—For מֵאָֽה־שָׁנָה (Gn 1717, &c.) we find regularly in the Priestly Code (except in Gn 1717, 231) מְאַת שָׁנָה (Gn 53, &c.) an hundred years. On the connexion of abstract numerals with suffixes, as שְׁנֵיהֶם their duality, i.e. they two, Gn 225, &c. (also with a strengthening separate pronoun, as שְׁנֵ֫ינוּ אֲנַ֫חְנוּ 1 S 2042), cf. §97i.

 [134e2. The numerals from 2 to 10 take the object numbered in the plural,[1] with very few exceptions, such as Ex 1622 (where שְׁנֵי הָעֹ֫מֶר = the double of an omer), 2 K 221, Ez 451, cf. 2 K 817 and 25:17 Keth. The numerals from 11 to 19 generally take the plural, but with certain substantives frequently used with numerals the singular is more common (see further, under f). The tens (from 20 to 90), when they precede, take the singular (in the accusative, cf. §131p) of certain nouns frequently used with numerals (אֶ֫לֶף a thousand, אִישׁ, יוֹם, כֹּר, נֶ֫פֶשׁ, שֶׁ֫קֶל—but only in Ezekiel and the Priestly Code), otherwise the plural, as בָּנִים, בָּנוֹת, עָרִים (but cf. also Ju 1133), &c.; on the other hand, the plural is necessary when they follow the object numbered in apposition (e.g. אַמּוֹת עֶשְׂרִים twenty cubits, 2 Ch 33 f.; with the exception of 2 S 2424, only in late Books). After טֵאָה and אֶ֫לֶף the substantive numbered may be used either in the singular or plural, see further under g.

 [134f]  Rem. 1. After the numerals from 11 to 19 the singular is used, as a rule, with יוֹם day, שָׁנָה year, אִישׁ man, נֶ֫פֶשׁ soul (person), שֵׁ֫בֶט tribe, מַצֵּבָה pillar (Ex 244), sometimes with אַמָּה cubit, חֹ֫דֶשׁ month, עִיר city, שֶׁ֫קֶל shekel (compare our four-year-old, ten pound), e.g. Dt 12 אַחַד עָשָׂר יוֹם (cf., however, such exceptions as Dt 123, Jos 42, &c.).—Substantives other than these are used in the plural with the numerals from 11 to 19, and the numeral may even follow the substantive, especially in later passages, as Nu 787 f., 1 Ch 427, 255.

 [134g]  2. After מֵאָה (מְאַת [so almost exclusively in the Priestly Code, e.g. always מְאַת אֶ֫לֶף], מֵאוֹת, מָאתַ֫יִם) and אֶ֫לֶף (אֲלָפִים, אַלְפֵי, אַלְפַּ֫יִם) the substantives אִישׁ, אֶלֶ֫ף, אַמָּה (except in Ez 4027), יוֹם, רַגְלִי, צֶ֫מֶד are regularly used in the singular, generally also שָׁנָה, כִּכָּר, כֹּר, שֶׁ֫קֶל (with the exception of Jos 721, 2 S 1426, &c.); cf., moreover, Gn 3319, 2460 (אַלְפֵי רְבָבָה), Est 11, Ju 2112, Dt 79, 1 K 512, 2 Ch 915.—Examples of the plural after מֵאָה are Gn 2612, 1 S 1825, 2 S 161, 1 K 184; after מְאַת Ex 3827; after מֵאוֹת Ju 154, 2 S 84, 1 K 1017,

  1. On examples such as Gn 4627 (נֶָפֶשׁ שְׁנָ֑֫יִם two souls), cf. §132g (collectives joined with the plural of the adjective).