Page:Graimear na Gaedhilge.djvu/37

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vowels from the body of an Irish word is called syncope; and when the vowels have been elided the word is said to be syncopated.

34. The only difficulty in syncope is that it often involves slight changes in the other vowels of the syncopated word, in accordance with the rule caol le caol,

35. The following examples will fully exemplify the method of syncopating words.

(a) Nouns.

The genitive singular of—

maidin (morning) is   maidne not   maidine
obair (work} "   oibre "   obaire
carraig (a rock) "   cairrge "   carraige
(a penny)   "  
caḃair (help) "   caḃra "   caḃara
caṫair (a city) "   caṫraċ "   caṫaraċ
lasair (a flame) "   lasraċ "   lasaraċ
olann (wool) "   olna "   olanna
buiḋean (a company)   "   buiḋne "   buiḋine
bruiġean (a palace)[W 1] "   bruiġne "   bruiġine
  1. A misprint; the spelling bruighean means ‘quarrel, strife’, while the sense ‘palace’ is spelled bruidhean. See §85 and the Index, where the word for ‘palace’ is spelled bruidhean as expected.