Page:Handbook for Boys.djvu/283

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Boy Scouts

your coat or a blanket. Rub his arms and legs toward his body but do not uncover him to do this. If you have ammonia or smelling salts, place them before the patient's nose so he may breathe them.

This is all you can do when unconsciousness is complete. When the patient begins to recover a little, however, and as soon as he can swallow, give him hot tea or coffee, or a half teaspoonful of aromatic spirits of ammonia in a quarter glass of water.

Warning: Remember always that a person with shock may have some other serious injuries. These you should always look for and treat if necessary.

Injuries in Which the Skin is Not Broken—Fractures

A fracture is the same thing as a broken bone. When the bone pierces or breaks through the rain, it is called a compound fracture, and when it does not, a simple fracture.

A scout is in the country with a comrade. The latter mounts a stone wall to cross it. The wall falls with him and he calls out for help. When the other scout reaches him, he finds the injured scout lying fiat on the ground with both legs stretched out. One of these does not look quite natural, and the scout

complains of a great deal of pain at the middle of the thigh and thinks be felt something break when he fell. He cannot raise the injured, leg. Carefully rip the trousers and the underclothing at the seam to above the painful point. When you have done with the deformity will indicate the location of the fracture. You must be very gentle now or you will do harm, but if one hand is put above where you think the