Infringement of copyright
51. When copyright infringed.Copyright in a work shall be deemed to be infringed—
- (a) when any person, without a licence granted by the owner of the Copyright or the Registrar of Copyrights under this Act or in contravention of the conditions , of a licence so granted or of any condition imposed by a competent authority under this Act—
- (i) does anything, the exclusive right to do which is by this Act conferred upon the owner of the copyright, or
- (ii) permits for profit any place to be used for the performance of the work in public where such performance constitutes an infringement of the copyright in the work unless he was not aware and had no reasonable ground for believing that such performance would be an infringement of copyright, or
- (b) when any person—
- (i) makes for sale or hire, or sells or lets for hire, or by way of trade displays or offers for sale or hire, or
- (ii) distributes either for the purpose of trade or to such an extent as to affect prejudicially the owner of the copyright, or
- (iii) by way of trade exhibits in public, or
- (iv) imports (except for the private and domestic use of the importer) into India, any infringing copies of the work.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, the reproduction of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work in the form of a cinematograph film shall be deemed to be an "infringing copy".
52. (1) Certain acts not to be infringement of copyright.The following acts shall not constitute an infringement of copyright,namely:-
- (a) a fair dealing with a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work for the purposes of—
- (i) research or private study;
- (ii) criticism or review, whether of that work or of any other work;