Page:Indian Medicinal Plants (Text Part 1).djvu/87

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

imbricate. Petals none. Stamens many. Carpels many, sessile, many ovuled, Style short, curved

Fruit a head of narrow, flattened, many-seeded follicles, beaked with the persistent styles.

Use:—In Hazara, the root is considered poisonous. (Stewart).

8. Coptis teeta, Wall., I. 23.

Vern.:—Tita(Ass); Mahmira (Sind); Mamira (H.).

Habitat:—Met with in Mishmi mountains, east of Assam, in temperate regions.

Small stemless herbs.

Rootstock horizontal, perennial, golden yellow, woody, densely fibrous, very bitter. Leaves ternatisect, glabrous, petioles 6-12 in.; leaflets 2-3 in., ovate-lanceolate, pinnatifid, lobes incised, terminal largest. Scape equalling the leaves. Flowers 1-3—pedicelled, regular, small, white on slender leafless scapes. Bracts leafy. Sepals 5-6, 1/2 in. oblong—lanceolate, acute. Petals 5-6, narrow, ligulate, obtuse, 2/3 shorter than the sepals. Carpels pedicelled, spreading. Ocules many. Follicles many-seeded. Seeds with a black crustaceous testa. Mishmi nuts, Bengal.

Part used:—The root.

Use:—It is a bitter tonic, useful in fevers and atonic dyspepsia.

9. Delphinium denudatum, Wall. h.f. br. i., I. 25.

Vern.:—Nirbisi, judwâr (H.); Nilobikh (Nepal); Munila (Simla).

Habitat:—West temperate Himalaya, from Kashmir to Knmaon, in grassy places.

Glabrous or slightly downy herbs. Stems 2-3 ft. branched. Radical—leaves 2-6 in. across, orbicular, long-stalked, divided