Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/101

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take up (the unexpressed ground is the exaggerated cultus in contrast to v. 25).

Vav perf., however, has acquired the force of a representative of the impf., and may occur in a fut. or freq. sense in any connection. Josh. 22:28, Is. 2:2, Jud. 13:3, 1 S. 15:28, 1 K. 2:44. Ex. 6:6, 2 S. 16:13. Peculiar Am. 7:4 וְאָֽכְלָה and it would (or will, is in act to — the imminent act made pres.) devour. The act was not begun.

Rem. 2. The two most common forms of § 57 are Hos. 1:5 וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְשָֽׁבַרְתִּי I will break; and Hos. 2:23 וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶֽעֱנֶה I will answer, cf. v. 18. The latter common in Is. (see exx. at end of § 57). Am. 8:9, Zeph. 1:8, with 12.

Rem. 3. In later style והיה sometimes agrees with subj., Nu. 5:27, Jer. 42:16; cf. v. 17, instead of being used impersonally.

PERF. AND IMPF. WITH SIMPLE VAV (COPULATIVE)

§ 58. In the more ancient and classical language vav with perf. is almost invariably conversive. In the declining stages of the speech the vav of the form וְקָטַל is often simply copulative, and he killed; while in post-biblical language the vav convers. disappears. In the classical language, however, vav with perf. occasionally expresses an action not consequential or successive to what precedes, but co-ordinate with it.

(a) When the second verb merely repeats the idea of the first, being synonymous, or in some way parallel with it. 1 S. 12:2 וַֽאֲנִי זָקַנְתִּי וָשַׂבְתִּי I am old and grey; Is. 1:2 בָּנִים גִּדַּלְתִּי וְרוֹמַמְתִּי I have nourished and brought up children. Gen. 31:7 he has cozened me, and changed (changing) my hire. Deu. 2:30, Nu. 23:19, 1 K. 8:47, 2 K. 19:22, Is. 29:20; 63:10, Ps. 20:9; 27:2; 38:9, Job 1:5, Lam. 2:22, 1 Chr. 23:1. This differs little from the asyn-detous construction. Jos. 13:1, Lam. 2:16, Jud. 5:27.