Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/197

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form of expression without particles may be equivalent to what in other languages would be a conditional. 1. Impf. — Hos. 8:12 אֶכְתֹּב ··· נֶחְשָֽׁבוּ though I wrote … they would be considered; so Is. 26:10. Ps. 139:18 אֶמְפְּרֵם were I to count them; 141:5 should the righteous smite; 104:22, 27–30, Jud. 13:12, Pr. 26:26; two impf. Song 8:1. Coh., Ps. 40:6 אַנִּידָה if I would declare, Ps. 139:8, 9, Job 19:18. With הנה, 1 S. 9:7 behold we will go (= if we go), Ex. 8:22. — Cf. Ps. 46:4; 109:25; 146:4, Is. 40:30.

2. Perf. — Am. 3:8 אַרְיֵה שָׁאַג if the lion roars. Job 7:20 חָטָאתִי be it I have sinned. Ps. 139:18 if I awake. Pr. 26:12 רָאִיתָ seest thou. Nu. 12:14, Ps. 39:12, Job 3:25; 19:4; 23:10. With הנה, 2 S. 18:11, Hos. 9:6, Ez. 13:12; 14:22; 15:4. And if perf. naturally also vav impf., Jer. 5:22, Ps. 139:11. Ex. 20:25, Job 23:13, Pr. 11:2. Two perf., Pr. 18:22, Mic. 7:8.

3. The ptcp. — Is. 48:13 קֹרְא אֲנִי if I call they stand up. 2 S. 19:8. Ptcp. with art. (or in consn.) whoever, 2 S. 14:10, Gen. 9:6, Ex. 21:12, 16 and often. Frequently in Prov., e.g. 17:13; 18:13; 27:14; 29:21, &c. Particularly ptcp. with כל all; 1 S. 2:13, Ex. 19:12, Nu. 21:8, Jud. 19:30, 2 S. 2:23, 2 K. 21:12. With הנה 1 K. 20:36, 2 K 7:2, Ex. 3:13.

4. Inf. abs. — Pr. 25:4, 5 הָגוֹ סִיגִים if dross be removed, 12:7 Inf. cons. with prep., Pr. 10:25 (2 S. 7:14, 1 K. 8:33, 35). Ps. 62:10 בְּמֹֽאזְנַיִם לַֽעֲלוֹת to go up (or, at going up = if they are put) upon the balance.

THE OPTATIVE SENTENCE

§ 133. The wish may be expressed by impf. (juss., coh.), 2 S. 18:32 יִֽהְיוּ כַנַּעַר אֹֽיְבֵי אֲדֹנִי may the enemies of my lord be as that young man. With or without נָא, 2 S. 24:14 נִפְּלָה־נָא let us fall; 1 S. 1:23 יָקֵם י׳ דְּבָרוֹ may Je. establish. By imper., or part. (without cop.), Gen. 3:14 אָרוּר אַתָּה mayest thou be cursed, Is. 12:5 מוּדַעַת זֹאת may this be known. With omission of verb, Gen. 27:13 on me be thy curse! 1 S. 25:24, Ps. 3:9.