Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/209

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(a) When may be expressed by ב, כּ‍, with inf., or by כִּי, כַּֽאֲשֶׁר with finite. Gen. 39:18 כַּֽהֲרִימִי קוֹלִי when I lifted up, 24:30. — 4:8 בִּֽהְיוֹתָם בַּשָּׂדֶה when they were in the field, 45:1. — Hos. 11:1 כִּי נַעַר ישׂ׳ when Isr. was a child, Gen. 44:24, Jos. 17:13. — Gen. 24:22 כַּֽאֲשֶׁר כִּלּוּ לִשְׁתֹּת when they had done drinking, Jud. 8:33; 11:5. The form כְּמוֹ is more poetical, Gen. 19:15. After designations of time the simple אשׁר may be when, Hos. 2:15, Ps. 95:9, cf. § 9 c. Also אִם if, when, with freq. actions, Gen. 38:9.

(b) After, by אַֽחֲרֵי with inf., or אַֽחֲרֵי אֲשֶׁר with finite. Gen. 14:17 אַֽחֲרֵי שׁוּבוֹ מֵֽהַכּוֹת after his returning, 13:14; 24:36. — Deu. 24:4 אַֽחֲרֵי אֲשֶׁר הֻטַּתָּֽאָה after she has been defiled. Jos. 9:16, Jud. 11:36; 19:23, 2 S. 19:31.

(c) Before, by לִפְנֵי with inf., Gen. 13:10 לִפְנֵי שַׁחֵת י׳ אֶת־סְדֹם before Je. destroyed Sodom, 36:31, 1 S. 9:15, 2 S. 3:35. — Very often by בְּטֶרֶם, usually with impf. even when referring to past; Gen. 27:33 בְּטֶרֶם תָּבוֹא before thou camest, 37:18; 41:50. Of fut., Gen. 27:4; 45:28. Occasionally with perf., Ps. 90:2, Pr. 8:25 (inf. Zeph. 2:2, text dubious). The simple טֶרֶם properly not yet (usually with impf., Gen. 2:5, Ex. 9:30; 10:7), has also sense of before, with impf., Ex. 12:34, Jos. 3:1, Is. 65:24.

(d) Since, מֵאָז, with perf., Ex. 9:24 מֵאָז הָֽיְתָה לְגוֹי since it became a nation. Gen. 39:5, Ex. 5:23, Jos. 14:10, Is. 14:8, Jer. 44:18. Once with inf., Ex. 4:10. As prep. with noun, Ru. 2:7, Ps. 76:8. — As adv. formerly, long ago, &c. Is. 16:13; 44:8; 45:21; 48:3, 5, 2 S. 15:34, Ps. 93:2, Pr. 8:22.

(e) Then, אָז, with perf. 1 K. 8:12 אָז אָמַר שְׁלמֹה then said Sol., Gen. 49:4, Jud. 5:11, 2 S. 21:17. Not uncommonly with impf., Deu. 4:41, 1 K. 8:1; 9:11; 11:7, cf. § 45. On אז in apod., cf. § 131, R. 2. Jos. 22:31, 2 K. 5:3, 1 Chr. 14:15.