Rem. 4. Such words as hand, head, mouth, voice, &c., when the organ or thing is common to a number of persons, are generally used in the sing. Jud. 7:16 put the trumpets into the hand of them all, v. 19, Gen. 19:10. Jud. 7:25 the head of Oreb and Zeeb, cf. 8:28; 9:57, Jos. 7:6, Dan. 3:27. Ps. 17:10 their mouth, Ps. 78:36 tongue, 144:8. So to clap כַּף the hands 2 K. 11:12, Is. 55:12. So perhaps נְבֵלָה and פֶּגֶר carcases, Is. 5:25, 1 S. 17:46, cf. πτῶμα Rev. 11:8. But cf. heads Job 2:12, and usually eyes, though cf. Gen. 44:21.
Rem. 5. The idea of universality is sometimes expressed by the use of both genders, Is. 3:1 מַשְׁעֵן וּמַשְׁעֵנָה every stay, Deu. 7:14. Also by the use of contrasted expressions, as Zech. 7:14 עֹבֵר וָשָׁב passing or returning, 9:8, and the common עָצוּר וְעָזוּב restrained or free, Deu. 32:36, 1 K. 14:10; 21:21, 2 K. 9:8; 14:26. Cf. Noeld. Carm. Arab. 42:4.
Rem. 6. The coll. בקר cattle is used in plur. Neh. 10:37, but צֹאנֵנר is to be read in same verse. The parall. to 2 Chr. 4:3, viz. 1 K. 7:24, reads differently. Plur. of רכב chariots, Song. 1:9. In Am. 6:12 rd. perhaps בַּבָּקָר יָם.
§ 18. The cases are not marked by means of terminations except in rare instances. They must be supposed, however, to exist, and an accurate analysis of construction will take them into account. The cases are three, Nom., Gen., and Acc. When a word is governed by prep. ל to, the dative is sometimes spoken of, and the abl. when it is governed by prep. מן from, &c.; but this is inaccurate application of classical terminology.
1. The Nom. — The nom. has no particular termination (Gr. § 17). The personal pronouns are only used in nom., their oblique cases appearing as suffixes. The nom. is often pendens, being resumed by pronoun (§ 106).
2. The Gen. — (a) All words after a cons. state are in gen.,