Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/138

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'! 10 The Black called the Teredo navalis, or Galamitas naylure, which Madame Guthrie, who visited Sebastopol in 17�tells us seemed here to have taken up it? favourite a?de*. It was up ?ia harbour that Dr. Giarke proceeded in search of antiquities, and he makes the whole of ?e roads and harbour together ? be th? Cten? of Stra?, which, from the northern side, m?ting tM h?bour of ?alaclava, the anciem Symbolorum Po?u? on the southem?, made what ?as called the smaller or He?cleotic Ghe?on?, as part of the ?ater Ghenon?us ?aurica or Gfmea. It contained wi&in it tM cities of GMrsonmua old ?d new, of which Dr. Glark? obse?ed that some ruins still remainS. ?ey w?re much more considerable wMn the Ru?i? ?t obtai? p?sion of Grimes; the ga? even of ?e town being then in ?is?n?; but were ?peedily &s?oy? by the use of ?ese ancient mater, s in the modern buildings. It confined, too, ? celeb?ted ?emple 0f Di?a on one of ?o of ?ree p?montories in that pa? of world, which were all called Pn?henium, ?r that goddess; th?. remains of which name are still to be found in Pathchit, on south?mt side of ? Grimes: all no doubt commemom?ve of the story of Ip?nia, and of ? former bar?fity of tM inhabit- ?, ?fore a greater deg?e of civilization and ?finemont introduced by the G?, ? denomd by ?e inhuman attributed to ?e wo?hip of ?e g?do?. The Ghersoneso called Horacleofc, ns well m i? town, from hatng been coloniz? and built by the people of Heraclea, on the ?outhem shore of the Euxine. Under the Tur? it obmi? the n?e of Akfar, it said, from i? white r?ks; and the name of Seh?topol, ?ough it sounds of ancient derivation, w? not given to it till the reign of the Empress Gathefine: a name, we should ? dispored to say, singularly ill chomn. becau? it tends to root out ?e anoint appellation of town and distfct of Gherson?, and may cause some confusion in geography between this place and the real Seb?topol? of Arfian and others, which, like C?s?ea or Augusta, w? evidently so called from ?g?, signifying Augustus, and t?refore an ordin?y appellation of &e Roman emperor. This real Seb?- topol was on the Asiatic co?t, about two-thirds of a degree north of the river Phasis, and was still more anciently called Dio?ou- fins, from Castor ?d. Pollux the Dioscuri; &e memory of which most ancient name is still pre?ed in the pre?nt spoliation Iskoufiah. There w? a ?me, ind., when this ancient Soba? topol, or Dios?urias, was accounted to be p?t of Europe m&er

  • Guthfie's Tauridas p. 91.

? ?e appellation of Sinus Portu?, f?nd in Pom?nlus Md? llb. fl. ?p. i. w? in ?n? ap?r ? ? well with ?e h?nr of Se?, ?dh? fore sometimes ?n identifi? with it; bug the ?ition he ?i?s m i? ?gw? Ca? Aia and the nex? ?in? m ?he w?tward ?n only ? wi? Digitized by Goog[c