Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/143

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?'Ae Bloxk $?. in a bay or roads so open as to render any sailing marks unneces- sary, over the whole of which the same depth of water generally prevails. During the two days of her stay the weather was thick, and the ship again under quarantine., so that observation and com- munication with the shore were again impracticable. The town, however, appeared from the sea to be handaomely built, and the lazaretto and other quarantine establishment far superior to that of Sebastopol.* There were no fortifications, or guns mounted, and the salute fired by the Blonde was returned by a Russian brig, the only vessel of war then at Odessa. Arrian makes mention of a town called Odessue, somewhere in this neighbourhood, where was a harbour, and makes its distance to be one hundred and forty stadia from Olbia, near the mouth of the Borysthenes. To determine the exact site of O!bia? is not altogether so easy a task; but whether we take it to be very nearly where the modern town of Charson was established in 1774, at the confluence of the Inguletz with the Dnieper, under an ancient name again falsely applied, and which is very commonly sapposed to have been built out of the ruins of the ancient Olbia; or even go the length, which some others have gone, of placing it at Otchakoff, where the lake into which both the Dnieper and Bug empty themselves flows into the open sea, the distance from either place to the modern Odessa so greatly exceeds the distance ?' There is s very good mF, ount of Odessa, in August, 1804, by J. H. 8ievrt?, appended to M'Giii's Travels, vol. ii. p. 192, &c. The lamaretro w? th?n building. ? The chler data for the site of Olbis appear to be in Herodotus, Die Chrysestom; and Strobe. From the former, (ilb. iv. cap. 17, 18, and 63) it appears, that between the Hypanis and the Borysthcuas there was s Point or tongue of land, ?;?r, and that upon this, near to the Hypanis, lived the Olbiopelitm, also called Borysthenitm; the city of Olbia and Bor:.?sthenis being one and the same place. From Die Chrysestom's Thirty-sixth Orsnon it also appears, that the city of Olbis was tat the Hypanis, although it derived it3 name from d?e Borysthenee ? ?r? ?-? '?'?r?n),. He also describes the tongue of land under the same name with Herodotus, as being ?b ?=l r?.fCd,, ;e'?� �?.,,, ?r?l ? ?=/?r/,'?-,o�;? d ?rers?L Strobe, ir;A?. ?-/?' =/?4 ?r? 'OZ?= =f?.f?'?,. And in another place where he has mentioned the Borysthenee (next in order after the Tyros or Dniaster, if our present text is per. feet.) he adds, ?ml ?r ?. n �;,, ?ZZ? ?r?rf?;*T?rsn;, speaking of it as cicee and secondary to the Borysthenas. Now it is usual to call the Hypanis the Bug ? and hence arkes the difficulty of fixing the site of Olbia, because at the distance of the Bug from the Dnieper it is quite impossible that they can be said to form lp?.f? ?.;? ?;, or that a city on the banks o? the one could in any sense or degree be said to be on the otho?. Bat if we call the Inguletz the Hypanis, as has been done b? Madame Guthrie after Peysonnei, we have then the ;?4bz,, �ormed by the junction of that river with the Dnieper, a? described by Herodotus and Die Chrysostom; and the city of Olbiaplaced upon it might be said to be on either fiver, though ciocer to the cue than the other ? and it would nearly occupy the pceidon of Charm)n, though net an precisely the same epot. We may add, that Hypenis i? not ?n unfrequent nmne of a ri?er, the Cuban having been so called, or rather now bearing the same name. And if the Bug was called Hypanis, the Inguletz may have been called so too, fm idea whida is perhaps strengthened by 8tmbe's entremien of Dig,tiz?d by Google