Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/171

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GeoflrapMeal JVotlee of the Empire of Marecoo. !41 and west of her; and altitudes of the moon when in the prime verticaI,M the mean of the results of which give the longitude of our garden at the south-west angle of the city :- Long. 7o 30' W. of Greenwich. Lat. 31 �? g0 ?r N. Mean of about 20 ruer. alts. of the sun. Var. 20? �terly,---by numerous observations by Schmalcalder's compass. The remarkable stillness of the air in this plain must be noticed. ]Vieming and evening generally a dead calm; light winds during the day; little or no rain, and this in the months of December and January; atmosphere usually clear. Mean heightof bar. at Marocco, i xncbes.. ....... . .. . -- . a [onewing an elevation el ooservea oy ?wovars reauceu/ ? .... ft ' " ' el - "o --r>?8 410/ l?oo r. aoove?ne ?ev to mean temp. of'S0 ?'an.? ' -? -.- . Dec. and Jan. 1830 . . J ?. o?mesea. Greatest height, Dec. 26, 1829 28. 590 Fine weather, wind NE. 250JRain, wind S., cumulus Least do. Dec. 20 . 28. ? and lightning in S.W'. Mean temp. of Fahrenheit's therm. in the} ? shade between 6 ,.?. and 6 ?.?. 56? Highest, Dec. 21, 1829 . . . 04, �nd S. W'. Lowest, Dec. 27 ...... 40 �daylight, N.E. Highest in sun, Dec. 18 .... 118 �2 ?'.?., calmt. The inhabitants of this country may be divided into six classes ?Moors, .4?abs, Shelimbs, Berbers, Jews, and Negroes. The Moo?s, degenerate race of noble ancestors, are the descen- dants of those who were driven out of Spain when the conquest of Granada by Ferdinahd and Isabella, and the flight of Boabdii el Chico, put an end to the Moorish dynasty in that country; these chiefly inhabit the towns, fill the high offices under government, and form the military; their language, the Mogreb, or occidental Arabic, intermixed with Spanish. The .4tabs, originally from the desert, overspread the plains, living in tents usually pitched in a circle; hence called Datars, and following a pastoral life. When the soil is unproductive, the her- bage scanty, or their tents so full of fleas and vermin, that they can no longer rest in quiet, they decamp and seek another spot, a spring of water, or a saint's tomb, generally influencing the selection. The Arabs are hospitable, and when they promise may be trusted; yet, otherwise, they are great thieves. They are a hardy race, slightly made, and under the middle size; the girls, when young,

  • Calculalied by the table of M. Oltrearms, inserted in the ' Annuaire' of 18?0.

f In Mr. Wazhington's MS. a Hst o? ascertained geographical positions within the empire of Marcece, with the authorities on which they respe0tively re?t? is here in?roduced? for which see map. Dig,tiz?d by Google