Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/193

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


a:id ? Strait of Maga!haens. t?is sound; and near the head of it several large icebergs, con- raining no inconsiderable blocks of granite, were found aground.* Of ? archipelago of Madre de Dies we know very little. has probably many deep openings on its seaward face, and is fi?nted by islands and rocks. Its character is rocky and moun- tainous, and by no means agreeable. The wide and safe channel of Concepck)n Strait separates it from the main land, which iu this part is much intersected by deep sounds, the principa4 of which, the Canal of St. Andrew, .extends to the base of the snowy range of the Cordillera, and there Lieutenant Skyring describes it to be ' suddenly and boldly closed by tremendous and :mtonishing glaciers.' Satmien,o's ' Puerto Bueno' was found to be, as the name de- scribes it, an excellent harbour. The depth of water all over is not more than nine fathoms, an advantage which few harbour, here- about possess: a ship is in perfect security in any part, but this is the only peculiar advantage the port ofi?rs; for wood and water are equally abundant; fish are as easily to be caught; and the steamer or racehorse duck, geese, wild ducks, and other smaller birds, are as numerous in all other places. But of any other useful productions, or good soil, the country is quite destitute; ? foF if,' .says Lieutenant Skyring, ' we force a passage through the woods, it is over fallen trees and moss; .if we walk over open. flat groundi we find the place a swamp; and if we climb the hills, we travel over a continuous rock, generally covered by a spongy moss, and entirely destitute of soil of any d?scripfion: Behind Hanover Island, which is separated from Madre do Dies by the Concepciou Strait, the main is very much intersected by extensive sounds trending deeply into .the land, like the St. Andrew Channel, to the base of the Andes. South of Hanover Island is Queen Adelaide's Archipelago, through which are several clrannets that communicate with the Strait of Magalhacns; of which the principal, Smyth's Channel, falls into the Strait at Cape Tamar. Of the whole of the outer or sea-coast, from the Guaianeco Islands to the Strait, we know little, our operations having been confined to the exploration of the interior channels and sounds, the examination of which is e?en yet far from being complete. In the winter of 1829, my colleague, Captain Robert Fitzroy, the commander of the Beagle, in examining the Jerome Channel,

  • Near Falcon Inlet, ?even mil? up the ea?rn ?ide o? Sir Geor? Eyre'? SoUmir

are some large ' rookeries,' or breeding-haunts, o� fur-zeal. Many thousands of dtese miimab were congregated together, which had been prchably driven from sea-ceas$ by LIM ansi .?.ty of .?.e seal-fidm-s.; a.n?l perhaps, fo? many yes? if oges, have been breeding undisturbed in ? h?erm ,inkhewn, and r. her?oro and quiet reresL Two seals that were killed appeared ?o be of .d?e same dmcril)Lio,, Digitized by