Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/228

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19? Caj?tain Be?hey' s Y?vxje. heights, and either becoming extinct, or having abandoned it; and some circumstances connected with Easter Island occur in favour of the presumption that the same thing may also have taken place there. The most remarkable of these facts is, that the pre- sent generation is so nearly allied in language and customs to many islanders in the South Sea, as to leave no doubt of their having migrated from some of them; and yet in none of these places are there images of such extraordinary dimensions, or, indeed, in any way resembling them. The Easter Islanders have, besides, small wooden deities, similar to those worshipped by the inhabitants of the other islands just mentioned. .' Ou the gSth of November the Blossom reached Ducie's Island. Iti s a coral rock, oval, with a lagoon iu the centre, tenanted only by birds: the highest trees do not rise more than twenty-six feet ,bove the level of the sea. It is situated in latitude g$� S., and 1ougitude 1?4 �. The water was so clear over the coral, that the bottom could be distinctly seen when no soundings could be had with thirty fathoms of line. At seven miles distauce, tbe island ceased to be visible from the deck. On the $d of December the ship reached Henderson's or Eliza- beth Island, in latitude 9.4 �? and longitude 1?8 � W. This is of a peculiar formation, very few iostauces of which are known ?viz., dead coral,/note or less porous, elevated in a fiat surface, probably by volcanic agency, to the height of eighty feet. It is five miles in length. oue iu breadth, and thickly covered with shrubs, which make it difficult to climb. It was named Henderson's Island by the commander of the Hercules, of Calcutta, though first visited by the crew of ihe Essex, an American whaler, two of whom landed on it after the loss of their ship, and were subse.. ?uently takeu off by an English whaler, svho heard of their fate at alparaiso. . _ . Ou the 4th of December the expedition arrived at i'itcmrn Island. The mutiny on board the Bounty; the terrible fate of the surviving mutineers, who sought refuge on this island, which exh. ibits traces of former inhabitants, and which presents great variety of soil and aspect, and is, furtber, abundantly provided with fish, fowl, and vegetables; the reform of Adams and his companion, and the patriarchal colony that rose under their care, am admirably related .by Captain Beechey; but are foreign to our present purpose of strict geographical inquiry; and we will there- fore content ourselves with stating that the island is about seve? miles in circumference, surrounded by cliffs, or rocky pro?ectioos, off which lie scattered numerous fragmeuts of rock, rising, like so many black pinnacles, amid the surf, which, on all sides, rolls in upon the shore; and that its highest point was found to be 1109 feet above the level of the sea. ?he population, the Dig,tiz?d by Google