Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/23

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3
State of the Swan River Colony 1st Jan., 1830.

' an opening from "Lake Alexandria" into the Gulf of St.
' Vincent; and he is of opinion that the whole of that country is
' formed by alluvial deposit from the vast interior, through which
' flow the rivers Murray, Darling, Castlereagh, and Peel; as also
' that the Darling will be found to be one of the longest rivers of
' the world.

' We have recently ascertained that the finest tract of land exits
' to the south, immediately beyond our present boundary, which is
' abundantly watered by strums said to take their rise from snow-
' c!ad mountains. These facts induce me to think we should
' abandon the idea of pushing our settlements, at present, father
' into the interior, and that we ought to form a belt of coloniza-
' tion along the north and south coasts. The water commuica-
' tion would give employment to seamen, and be the means of
' converting the Colonial youth into sailors, who, in case of need,
' might contribute to the manning of the naves of the mother
' country.'

Thus far Colonel Dumaresq. With regard to the disovery of bones, Major Mitchell, the Surveyor-General in New South Wales, thus writes to Mr. Hay:—' At length an immense quart-
' tity of the remains of antediluvian animals has been discovered,
' precisely in a situation such as that described by Professor
' Buckland. What is most singular is, that there appears no
' affinity, as far as I can discover, between these bones and those
' of the caves of Europe, although some are very large. A bone,
' the ulna of some huge animal, is somewhat like that of an ox,
' but it is four times as large.'

Colonel Dumaresq's observation, that the finest tracts of !and are found towards the south coast of this great continent, is fully confirmed, as to the western part of the same south coast, by the discoveries made by Dr. Wilson of the navy, to the distance of eighty or ninety mieles northerly, from King George's Sound, recently annexed to the settlement of Swan River. Of this journey a brief account is contained in the following paper, and it is a!so sketched on the map. Our acquaintance, however, is yet far from being minute with this south coast, from Cape Leuwin to Port Philip,—an extent of at least fifteen hundred geographical miles,—otherwise an estuary of sixty miles in length, by thirty or forty in breath, could not have escaped observation until discovered from thee interior; and our knowledge of other parts of the coast is even still more defective. For instance, on the western side, from North-west Cape, in lat. 22°, to Clarence Strait, in lat. 12½°, a distance of more than one thousand miles, there are numerous large openings, not yet examined, in which no !and is visible to the eyes of the spectator in the interior, and through