Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/234

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and of tolerable qual!ty, by digging holes through the sand into the coral rock. The islands visited between Bow Island (which they quitted on the 20th February) and Otaheite were all of the same nature and formation as those already described, and furnished no additional information beyond the correct determination of their size and position. _among the number are two which were previously unknown: the largest of these, which was also the most extensive of their discoveries in the archipelago, Captain Beechey named Melville Island; and the other Croker Island; but the narrative contains no details of the appearance of these inlands. Those whose position was determined were as follows :m Lat. South. Long. of Oreenwlch. Moller Island . 17 � . 140 � Resolution Island . 17 gg . 141 I/8 Cumberland Island . . 19 10 141 10 Prince William Henry Island, ? I S or Lost?n?e , . j 49 141 42 rou s {Dawahaidy ' ; 18 18 . 142 06 Two g P ?Maracau . 17 58 142 08 Doubtful Island' 17 19 142 22 Melville Island . 17 34 142 39 Bird Island . 17 48 148 04 Croker Island . 17 26 148 28 Maitea Island . 17 58 148 00 The discoveries of Cook and Wallis in the track followed by Captain Beechey are relatively correctly placed; but tho?e of the latter are as much as forty miles in error'in longitude, and several miles in latitude, which has occasioned two of them to be mis- taken for each other by Bellinghausen, and one to be considered as a new discovery by Captain Dupermy; but Captain Beechey considers that there can be no doubt but that this navigator's Lostante Island is the same as Wa!lis's Prince William Henry's Island. Of the thirty-two islands visited in succession, only twelve were inhabited, including Pitcairn Island; and the amount of the popu- lation altogether, Ca?ptain Beechey supposes, cannot possibly ex- ceed 8100 souls, o?which 1000 belong to the Gambler Islands, 1260 to Easter Island, leaving 840 persons only to occupy the other thirty. Captain Beechey thinks that there is a great diversity of. fea- tures and complexion between the natives inhabiting the volcanic islands and those of the coral formations---the former being a taller and fairer race. This, he remarks, may be referred to a difference of food, hablt?, and comfort; the former having to seek a daily subsistence upon the reefs, exposed to a burning sun, and Dig,tiz?d by Google