Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/239

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Captain Beedund'? reached in the'Blossom's barge was named Point Barrow.--It lies I?�les to the north-east of Icy Cape, and is only 14�les from the extreme of Captain Franklin's discoveries, in his progress westward from the Mackenzie River. The bay, which appeared to be formed to the eastward of this point, was named Elsoh's Bay. To the nearest conspicuous object to the southward of Point' Barrow Captain Beechey gave the name of Smyth; and other points and inlets to the southward am also named. A chain of sandy islands, lying some .distance from the mainland off Cape ]?ranklin, were called Sea-horse Island; and beyond, a bay, formed by the junction of this chain of islands with the mainland, was called Peard Bay. The !and t�om Cape Smyth, which was about forty-live feet in height, slopes gradually down to Barrow Point, which is very low. Thus, by the expedition of the B!ossom'a barge, about seventy miles have been added to the geography of the polar regions; and the distance between Captain ]?'ranklin's discoveries and those of the Bloss6m has been brought within so small a compass as to leave very litfie room for further speculation on the northern limits of the continent of America. The actual distance left unexplored is reduced to 14? miles; and there is much reason, Captain Beechey says, to believe, from the state of the sea about Point Barrow, and along that part of the coast which was. e. xplored by Captain Franklin, that the navigation of the re- mmnmg portion of nnknown coast, in boats, is by no means a hopeless project. In his voyage in the ensuing year in these seas, and on his return to. the southward, Captain Beechey discovered Port Cla- rence and Grantley Harbour. To the southward of Cape Prince of Wales, the coast trends to the east and assumes a totally dif- ferent character to that which leads to Schismsreft Inlet, being bounded by steep rocky cliffs and broken by deep valleys, while the other is low and swampy ground. To a .bold promontory, which advances into the sea beyond this, the name of York was given; to the eastward of which is a low spot of land projecting about ten miles from the coast, forming a right angle, and having a channel about two miles wide between its extremity and the northern shore, which is the entrance to Port Clarence. At the 'north-east angle of this harbour is an opening leading into Grant- iey harbour, which is ten miles in length by two anda quarter in width, with an almost uniform depth of two and a half and three fathoms water, beyond which there is a strait, in all p. robability communicating with a large inland lake. To the points at the entrance of Port Clarence, Captain Beechey gave the names of Spencer. and Jackson. Captain Beechey weighed anchor from Kotzebue Sound on the lath of October, 18g0; and, passing Cape Krusenstern, and suc- Dig,tiz?d by Google