Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/252

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?0 Caldain Beech?j' s Fqlage. of Sandwich Islands, they first observed the albatross. Capt?ia Ki.g, on his passage to Kamt?chatka, first met these birds within twenty milea of the same spot. In the same latitudes, the species of fiyi.ng f?h wa? changed. In $3 �the first birds of the northern reglona were met with. These were the Procellaria puflinus. The tropical birds accompanied them as far as S6 �In $b �the ?ea became covered with heroes, netels, and other molluscous ani- mala, and amall crustacea. Captain Beechey aays that the vicinity of the St. Lawrence Islanda, in Beering's Straits, is always indi- cated by the crested auk (A/ca cre?tatella). The dredge off ? island furnished specimens of genera which exist in great abun- dance on our coasts. The same remark ia applicable to the vege- tation of the shores of Beering's Straits and Kotzebue's Sound, and this is nowhere more remarkable thml in C.?ape Espenberg. We notice these few facts, furnished by Captain Beechey's voyage, not to prove that the respective position of any place on the globe has any exact and positive relation with its aquatic or terrestrial productions. But although these do not atop at such or such an arch of the sphere, and we cannot perhaps quote a single animal or vegetable which first makes its appearance at such or auch a degree of latitude or longitude; yet all natural productions have their zones more or lesa large and sinuoua; and with the progress of acience, we shall find the manner in which the prin- cipal marine and littoral productions are distributed over the immensity of the waters will enable us to obtain grounds for the most natural divisions of their surface. The altitudes obtaiued by barometrical or trigonometrical ob- servations attach themselves peculiarly to physic. al geography, as illustrating the height of continents, of mountain chains, and of culminating points, which, however, are more often objecta of curiosity thaa of scientilic interest. The barometrical measure- ments were computed according to Mr. Daniell's method; and the heights ascortained at sea were with sextants, patent log-bases, and astronomical bearings. Rio de.laneiro .. Coreovado ...... 2308 Barometer.. 182& ,, ,, ...... 2296 Ditto ..... 1828 ,, ,, ...... 280? Trig. m .... 182& ,, ,, ...... 2306 Ditto ...... 1828 ,, Sugar-loaf ...... 1285 DitW ...... 1825 ,, ,, ...... 1299 Ditto ...... 1828' Conception ...... N-. Pap. BioBio... 789.6 Ditto ,, Observatory ...... 78 Dip of the sea. Pitcairn Island... Peak on it ' 1046.5 Trig. m. .. - /HighestPeakofMt ? Gambler lsiand..t D '" 'x1247.9 Ditto. �,, / Vi,o. Dig,tiz?d by Google