Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/103

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THE PERFECT ACTIVE INDICATIVE 8 1


T. Xavigium dicis ? Alii * narrS earn fabulam I M. Vero {Yes, truly), pulchrum et novum navigium 1 Q. Cuius pecunia * Sextus et Cornelius id navigium parant ? Quis lis pecuniam dat ? M. Amici Comeli multum habent aurum et puer pecunia n5n eget. T. Qu6 pueri navigabunt ? NSvigabuntne longg a terra ? M. Dubia sunt cSnsilia eorum. Sed hodie, credo, si ventus erit ido- neus, ad maximam insulam navigabunt. lam antea ibi fuerunt. Tum autem ventus erat perfidus et pueri magno in periculo erant. Q. Aqua vent6 commQta est inimica nautis semper, et saepe per- fidus ventus navigia rapit, agit, deletque. li pueri, si non fuerint maxime attenti, irata aqua et valido vento superabuntur et ita interficientur. . EXERCISE I. Where had the boys been before? They had been in school. . Where had Sextus been ? He had been in a field next to the river. . Who has been with Sextus to-day ? Cornelius has been with him. . Who says so.> Marcus. 5. If the wind has been suitable, the boys have been in the boat 6. Soon we shall sail with the boys. 7. There * will be no danger, if we are (shall have been) careful* LESSON XXXII THE PERFECT ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF THE FOUR REGULAR CONJUGATIONS . Meanings of the Perfect. The perfect tense has two distinct meanings. The first of these is equivalent to the English present perfect, or perfect with have, and denotes that the action of the verb is complete at the time of speaking ; as, / have finished my work. As this denotes completed action at a definite time, it is called the perfect definite. » Dative case. (Cf. § 109.) « Ablative of means. » The expletive there is not expressed, but the verb will precede the subject, as in English. • This predicate adjective must be nominative plural to agree with toe.