Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/133

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IRREGULAR NOUNS • GENDER III


LESSON XLIV IRREGULAR NOUNS OF THE THIRD DECLENSION • GENDER IN THE THIRD DECLENSION . PARADIGMS vis, i., force iter, n., march Bases vi- and vir- Singular iter- and itiner- Norn. vis iter Gen. VIS (rare) itineria Dat. vT (rare) idneri Ace. vim iter Abl. VI Plural itinere Norn. vTrJs itinera Gen. virium itinerum Dat. vlribus itineribus Ace. vTris, or -es itinera Abl: vlribus itineribus . There are no rules for gender in the third declension that do not present numerous exceptions.* The following rules, however, are of great service, and should be thoroughly mastered :

. Ifasculine are nouns in -or, -Os, -er, -«8 (gen. -itis). 

a. arbor, tree^ is feminine ; and iter, march^ is neuter. . Feminine are nouns in -0, -is, -x, and in -s preceded by a con- sonant or by any long vowel but 0. a. Masculine are collis (/////), lapis, xslIvoSa {month), 6rd6, pes, and nouns in -nis and -guia — as ignis, sanguis {blood) — and the four monosyllables dins, a tooth ; m6ns, a mountain pOns, a bridge; fSns, a fountain . Neuters are nouns in -e, -al, -ar, -n, -ur, -tts, and caput.

Review § 60. Words denoting males are, of course, masculine, and those 

denoting females, feminine.