Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/148

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126 THE PRONOUNS IPSE AND IDEM


ignis eas cremabit." Turn pater et filius iter difficile incipiunt. Alas movent et aurae sese committunt. Sed stultus puer verbis patris non p5ret. Soli adpropinquat. Alae cremantur et Icarus in mare decidit et vltam amittit. Daedalus autem sine uUo periculo trans fluctus ad 5 insulam Siciliam volavit. LESSON L THE INTENSIVE PRONOUN IPSE AND THE DEMON- STRATIVE IDEM . Ipse means -self {himself, herself, etc.) or is translated by even or very. It is used to emphasize a noun or pronoun, expressed or understood, with which it agrees like an adjective. a. Ipse must be carefully distinguished from the reflexive sui. The latter is always used as a pronoun, while ipse is regularly adjective. Compare Homo se videt, the man sees himself (reflexive) Homo ipse periculum videt, the man himself (intensive) sees the danger Homo ipsum periculum videt, the man sees the danger itself (intensive) . Except for the one form ipse, the intensive pronoun is de- clined exactly like the nine irregular adjectives (cf. §§ io8, 109). Learn the declension (§ 481). . The demonstrative idem, meaning the same, is a compound of is. It is declined as follows : Singular masc. fem. neut. Nom. idem e'adem idem Gen. eius^dem eius'dem eius'dem Dat. ei'dem ei'dem ei'dem Ace. eun'dem ean'dem idem Abl. eo'dem ea'dem eo'dem "7 ,, - ,, ^tcM^^, [.els dem eis dem eis dem a. From forms like eundem (eum + -dem), eorundem (eonim + -dem), we learn the rule that m before d is changed to n. b. The forms iidem, iisdem are often spelled and pronounced with one i. Plural MASC FEM. NEUT. 'ii'dem ^ei'dem eae'dem e'adem eorun'dem earun'dem eorun'dem fiis^dem iis'dem iis'dem i, eis 'dem eis 'dem eis 'dem eos'dem eas 'dem e'adem f iis'dem iis'dem iis'dem