Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/150

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128 THE DEMONSTRATIVES HIC, ISTE, ILLE


LESSON LI THE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS HIC, ISTE, ILLE . We have already learned the declension of the demonstrative pronoun is and its use. (Cf. Lesson XVII.) That pronoun refers to persons or things either far or near, and makes no definite reference to place or time. If we wish to point out an object definitely in place or time, we must use hie, iste, or ille. These demonstratives, like is, are used both as pronouns and as adjectives, and their relation to the speaker may be represented graphically thus : hie iste ille Speaker this^ he (near) ; that^ he (remote) ; that^ he (more remote) a. In dialogue hie refers to a person or thing near the speaker ; iste, to a person or thing near the person addressed ; ille, to a person or thing remote from both. These distinctions are illustrated in the model sentences, § 293, which should be carefully studied and imitated. . Hie is declined as follows : Singular Plural MASC. FEM. NEUT. MASC. FEM. NEUT. Norn, hie haee hoe hi hae haee Gen. huius huius huius horum harum horum Dat. huic huic huie lus his his Ace. hunc hanc hoc h5s has haee Abl. hoe hac hoe his his his a. Huius is* pronounced hdo'yoos, and huie is pronounced hdoic (one syllable). . The demonstrative pronouns iste, ista, istud, and ille, ilia, illud, except for the nominative and accusative singular neuter forms istud and illud, are declined exactly like ipse, ipsa, ipsum. (See §481.)