Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/165

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THE PARTITIVE GENiriVE 143


a. &niiB is one of the nine irregular adjectives, and is declined like n&Uaa (cf. §§ 109, 470). The plural of Onus is used to agree with a plural noun of a singular meaning, as, una castra, one camp; and with other nouns in the sense of only, as, Galli uni, only the Gauls. b. Learn the declension of duo, two ; tres, three; and mille, a thousand. (§ 479) c. The hundreds above one hundred are declined like the plural of bonus ; as, ducenti, -ae, -a ducentSnun, -arum, -drum etc. etc. etc. . We have already become familiar with sentences like the following : Omnium avium aquila est velScissima Of all birds the eagle is the swiftest Hoc Sraculum erat omnium clarissimum This oracle was the most famous of all In such sentences the genitive denotes the whole, and the word it modifies denotes a part of that whole. Such a genitive, denoting the whole of which a part is taken, is called a partitive genitive. . Rl LE. Partitive Genitive. Words denoting a part are often used with the genitive of the whole ^ known as the partitive genitive. a. Words denoting a part are especially pronouns, numerals, and other adjectives. But cardinal numbers excepting mflle regularly take the abla- tive with ex or de instead of the partitive genitive. b. Mille, a thousand, in the singular is usually an indeclinable adjective (as, mUle milites, a thousand soldiers), but in the plural it is a declinable noun and takes the partitive genitive (as, decern milia militum, ten thousand soldiers)^ Examples : Fortisaimi h5rum sunt Germ&m The bravest of these are the Germans Decem milia hostium interfecta sunt Ten thousand (Vit. thousands) of the enemy were slain Una ex captivis erat soror rSgis One of the captives was the kin^s sister