170 THE PREDICATE ACCUSATIVE
. Observe the sentences
. Romani Caesarem consulem f ecerunt, the Romans made CkEsar consul
. Caesar consul a Romanis factus est, CcBsar was made consul by the Romans. • a. Observe in i that the transitive verb f ecerunt, made^ has two objects : (I) the direct object, Caesarem; (2) a second object, consulem, referring to the same person as the direct object and completing the predicate. The second accusative is called a Predicate Accusative. b. Observe in 2 that when the verb is changed to the passive both of the accusatives become nominatives, the direct object becoming the subject and the predicate accusative the predicate no7ninative. . Rule. Two Accusatives. Verbs of making, choosing, calling, showing, and the like, may take a predicate accusative along with the direct object. With the passive voice the two accusa- tives become nomiiiatives. . The verbs commonly found with two accusatives are creo, creare, creavi, creatus, choose appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatus"] nomino, nominare, nominavi, nominatus call voc5, vocare, vocavi, vocatus J facio, facere, feci, factus, make . EXERCISES I. I. In Germaniae silvis sunt^ multa genera ferarum quae reliquis in locis non visa sint. 2. Erant^ itinera duo quibus Helvetii domo dis- cedere possent. 3. Erat^ manus nulla, nullum oppidum, nullum prae- sidium quod se armis defenderet. 4. Toto frumento rapto, domi nihil erat quo mortem prohibere possent. 5. Romani Galbam ducem cre- averunt et summa celeritate profecti sunt. 6. Neque erat^ tantae multitudinis quisquam qui morari vellet. 7. Germani non ii sunt qui adventum Caesaris vereantur. 8. Consulibus occisis erant qui ^ vellent
Remember that when the verb sum precedes its subject it is translated
there is, there are, there were, etc. ^ erant qui, there were (some) who. A' wholly indefinite antecedent of qui does not need to be expressed.