Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/248

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222 CIVIL WAR BREAKS OUT


Imperator. ^ Manebitisne in reliquum tempus in fide, hac rebellione condonata ? Turn vero captivi multis cum lacrimis iuraverunt se in fide manstiros esse, et Caesar eos incolumis domum dimisit. LXXV. CIVIL WAR BREAKS OUT BETWEEN C^SAR AND POMPEY • THE BATTLE OF PHARSALIA

Ne confecto^ quidem hello Gallico, ^helium civile inter Caesarem 

et Pompeium exortum est. Nam Pompeius, qui summum imperium petebat, senatui persuaserat ut Caesarem rel publicae hostem* iudicaret et exercitum eius dimitti iuberet. Quibus cognitis rebus Caesar exer- citum suum dimittere recusavit, atque, hortatus milites ut ducem totiens lo victorem ab inimlcorum iniuriis defenderent, imperavit ut se Romam sequerentur. Summa cum alacritate milites paruerunt, et transito Rubicone^ initium belli civilis factum est. Italiae urbes quidem omnes fere ^ rebus Caesaris favebant et eum benigne exceperunt. Qua re commotus Pompeius ante Caesaris adven-

tum Roma excessit et Brundisium"^ pervenit, inde ^paucis post diebus 

cum omnibus copiis ad Epirum mare transiit. Eum Caesar cum septem legionibus et quingentis equitibus secutus est, et insignis inter Caesaris comitatum erat Publius. Pluribus levioribus proeliis factis, tandem copiae adversae ad Phar-

salum® in Thessalia sitam castra posuerunt. Cum Pompei exercitus 
Manebitisne in fide, will you remain loyal? ^ With ne . . . quidem the 

emphatic word stands between the two. * The Civil War was caused by the jealousy and rivalry between Cassar and Pompey. It resulted in the defeat and subsequent death of Pompey and the elevation of Caesar to the lordship of the Roman world. * hostem, predicate accusative, § 501. 22. ^ The Rubicon was a small stream in northern Italy that marked the boundary of Caesar's province. By crossing it with an armed force Caesar declared war upon Pompey and the existing government. Caesar crossed the Rubicon early in the year 49 B.C. ^ rebus Caesaris favebant, favored Ccesar's side. In what case is rebus? "^ Brundisium, a famous port in southern Italy whence ships sailed for Greece and the East. See map. ^ paucis post diebus, a few days later; literally, afterwards by a few days. Cf. paucis ante annis, p. 213, 1. 12, and note. » The battle of Pharsalia was fought on August 9, 48 B.C. In impor- tance it ranks as one of the great battles of the world.