Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/287

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APPENDIX II . RULES OF SYNTAX Note. The rules of syntax are here classified and numbered consecutively. The number of the text section in which the rule appears is given at the end of each. Nominative Case . The subject of a finite verb is in the nominative and answers the question Who? or What? § 36. Agreement . A finite verb must always be in the same person and number as its subject. § 28. . A predicate noun agrees in case with the subject of the verb. § 76. . An appositive agrees in case with the noun which it explains. § 81. . Adjectives agree with their nouns in gender, number, and case. § 65. . A predicate adjective completing a complementary infinitive agrees in gender, number, and case with the subject of the main verb. § 215. a. . A relative pronoun must agree with its antecedent in gender and number ; but its case is determined by the way it is used in its own clause. §224. Pr^>ositions . A noun governed by a preposition must be in the accusative or ablative case. § 52. Genitive Case . The word denoting the owner or possessor of something is in the genitive and answers the question Whose ? § 38. . The possessive genitive often stands in the predicate, especially after the forms of sum, and is then called th^ predicate genitive. § 409. . Words denodng a part are often used with the genidve of the whole, known as the partitive genitive. § 331. . Numerical descripdons of measure arc expressed by the genitive with a modifying adjective. $ 443. a6i