Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/35

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15
FIRST PRINCIPLES

28. Rule. Agreement of Verb. A finite verb must always be in the same person and number as its subject.

29. Rule. In the conjugation of the Latin verb the third person singular active ends in -t, the third person plural in -nt. The endings which show the person and number of the verb are called personal endings.

30. Learn the following verbs and write the plural of each. The personal pronouns he, she, it, etc., which are necessary in the inflection of the English verb, are not needed in the Latin, because the personal endings take their place. Of course, if the verb's subject is expressed we do not translate the personal ending by a pronoun; thus nauta pugnat is translated the sailor fights, not the sailor he fights.

ama-t he (she, it) loves, is loving, does love (amity, amiable)
labō’ra-t he (she, it) labors, is laboring, does labor
nūntia-t[1] he (she, it) announces, is announcing, does announce
porta-t he (she, it) carries, is carrying, does carry (porter)
pugna-t he (she, it) fights, is fighting, does fight (pugnacious)

31. EXERCISES

I.
1. The daughter loves, the daughters love.
2. The sailor is carrying, the sailors carry.
3. The farmer does labor, the farmers labor.
4. The girl is announcing, the girls do announce.
5. The ladies are carrying, the lady carries.
II.
1. Nauta pugnat, nautae pugnant.
2. Puella amat, puellae amant.
3. Agricola portat, agricolae portant.
4. Fīlia labōrat, fīliae labōrant.
5. Nauta nūntiat, nautae nūntiant.
6. Dominae amant, domina amat.

DOMINA

  1. The u in nūntiō is long by exception. (Cf. §12.2.)