Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/405

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4. Sometimes the perfect stem is like the present stem,as, vertō, I turn, vertī, I have turned. Cf. English cut (pres.), cut (past).

How much of the above may be safely given to a class of beginners must be left to the judgment of the individual teacher.

§ 192. These verbs are already familiar to the class and the perfects are the only new forms.

§ 193. Review §§ 168, 171, before reading this selection.

Require the pupils to point out words and expressions that are emphatic.


This Lesson completes the consideration of the forms based on the perfect stem. All four conjugations are treated together as in the preceding Lesson. Pronounce the paradigms and have the class repeat before assigning them.


§ 197. Pupils should be able to reproduce this table of tense formations from memory.

§ 198. Emphasize the importance of being able to give synopses rapidly and accurately, and make the drill on the verbs in § 198. i severe.

§199. The verbs in this list together with those in §192 include all the verbs studied in the preceding lessons excepting the regular verbs of the first conjugation.

§ 200. Ask the pupils to close their books, and read to them, sentence by sentence, the preceding portion of the story, and call on individuals for the translation.

Ask for the principal parts and inflection in the tense used of all the verbs in this paragraph.


This Lesson is of unusual importance because it introduces the participial stem and the tenses and forms built on it.

§ 203. Emphasize the point that a participle is declined like an adjective and agrees with its noun in gender, number, and case.