Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/51

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31
THE SECOND DECLENSION


First Review of Vocabulary and Grammar, §§502-505

LESSON IX

THE SECOND OR 0-DECLENSION

70. Latin nouns are divided into five declensions.

The declension to which a noun belongs is shown by the ending of the genitive singular. This should always be learned along with the nominative and the gender.

71. The nominative singular of nouns of the Second or O-Declension ends in -us, -er, -ir, or -um. The genitive singular ends in -ī.

72. Gender. Nouns in -um are neuter. The others are regularly masculine.

73. Declension of nouns in -us and -um. Masculines in -us and neuters in -um are declined as follows:

dominus (base domin-), m., master pīlum (base pil-), n., spear

Singular

TERMINATIONS TERMINATIONS
Nom.[1] do'minus -us pīlum -um
Gen. dominī -ī pīlī -ī
Dat. dominō -ō pīlō -ō
Acc. dominum -um pīlum -um
Abl. dominō -o pīlō -ō
Voc. domine -e pīlum -um

Plural

Nom. dominī -ī pīla -a
Gen. dominō’rum -ōrum pilō’rum -ōrum
Dat. dominīs -īs pīlīs -īs
Acc. dominōs -ōs pīla -a
Abl. dominīs -īs pīl'īs -īs
  1. Compare the declension of domina and of dominus.