Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/59

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39
NOUNS IN -ER AND -IR

Germānia

II.
Germānia, patria Germānōrum, est clāra terra. In Germāniā sunt fluviī multī. Rhēnus magnus et lātus fluvius Germāniae est. In silvīs lātīs Germāniae sunt ferae multae. Multī Germānī in oppidīs magnīs et in vīcīs parvīs habitant et multī sunt agricolae bonī. Bella Germānōrum sunt magna et clāra. Populus Germāniae helium et 5 proelia amat et saepe cum finitimīs pugnat. Fluvius Rhēnus est finitimus oppidīs[1] multīs et Clārīs.

LESSON XIII

SECOND DECLENSION (Continued)

91. Declension of Nouns in -er and -ir. In early Latin all the masculine nouns of the second declension ended in -os. This -os later became -us in words like servus, and was dropped entirely in words with bases ending in -r, like puer, boy; ager, field; and vir, man. These words are therefore declined as follows:

92.

puer, m., boy ager, m., field vir, m., man
Base puer- Base agr- Base vir-

Singular

terminations
Nom. puer agerr vir
Gen. puerī agrī virī ī
Dat. puerō agrō virō ō
Acc. puerum agrum virum um
Abl. puerō agrō virō ō

Plural

Nom'. puerī agrī virī ī
Gen. puerōrum agrōrum virōrum ōrum
Dat. puerīs agrīs virīs īs
Acc. puerōs agrōs virōs ōs
Abl. puerīs agrīs virīs īs
  1. Dative with finitimus. (See §43.)