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42
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

LESSON XIV

THE POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

'97. Observe the sentences

This is my shield
This shield is mine

In the first sentence my is a possessive adjective; in the second mine is a possessive pronoun, for it takes the place of a noun, this shield is mine being equivalent to this shield is my shield. Similarly, in Latin the possessives are sometimes adjectives and sometimes pronouns.

98. The possessives my, mine, your, yours, etc. are declined like adjectives of the first and second declensions.

Singular

1st Pers. meus, mea, meum my, mine
2d Pers. tuus, tua, tuum your, yours
3d Pers. suus, sua, suum his {own), her {own), its {own1)

Plural

1st Pers. noster, nostra, nostrum our, ours
2d Pers. vester, vestra, vestrum your, yours
3d Pers. suus, sua, suum their {own), theirs

Note. Meus has the irregular vocative singular masculine , as mī fīlī, O my son.

a. The possessives agree with the name of the thing possessed in gender, number, and case. Compare the English and Latin in

Sextus is calling his boy Sextus suum puerum vocat
Julia is calling her boy Iūlia

Observe that suum agrees with puenim, and is unaffected by the gender of Sextus or Julia.

b. When your, yours, refers to one person, use tuus; when to more than one, vester; as,

Lesbia, your wreaths are pretty Corōnae tuae, Lesbia, sunt pulchrae
Girls, your wreaths are pretty Corōnae vestrae, puellae, sunt pulchrae