Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/1021

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


1004

SMITH.

criticism. The first part was pub- lished in 1868, and the fourth in 1877. Six more parts will com- plete the work. He is known as a profound Hebraist, and an excel- lent Arabic scholar, and his " Mes- sianic Interpretion of the Pro- phecies of Isaiah, published in 1862, affords proof of his erudition. In 1869 he published a course of Bampton Lectures upon " Prophecy as a Preparation for Christ." He has contributed a commentary on Jeremiah to the large work appear- ing under the auspices of the late Speaker. Dr. Smith was ap- pointed, in Aug., 1865, to succeed Dr. Jacobson as Begins Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford, on the advancement of the latter to the bishopric of Chester j and in Jan., 1871, was raised to the Deanery of Canterbury, vacant by the death of Dr. H. Alford. '

SMITH, WiLLiAM,LL.D.,D.C.L., late Classical Examiner in the University of London, born in London, in 1813 ; received his edu- cation at that university, where he gained the first prizes in the Latin and Greek classes ; was intended for the bar, and kept the usual terms at Gray's Inn ; but aban- doned the profession of the law for the study of classical literature. The *' Dictionary of Greek and Boman Antiquities," edited by him, commenced in 1840, was completed in 1842, followed by the "Dic- tionary of Greek and Roman Bio- graphy and Mythology," com- menced in 1843 and concluded in 1849, and by the "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography," commenced in 1852 and finished in 1857. These three works form an Encyclopsedia of Classical Anti- quity. In addition to his editorial duties connected with these publi- cations, he contributed some of the most valuable articles in the volumes. In 1850 Dr. Smith com- menced the publication of his

  • ' School Dictionaries ; " concise

but comprehensive summaries, for

the benefit of less advanced scho- lars, of his more voluminous publi- cations, consisting of " A Classical Dictionary of Mythology, Bio- graphy, and Geography;" "A Smaller Classical Dictionary," abridged from the preceding work ; "A Smaller Dictionary of Anti- quities," &c. Each of these works has gone through many editions. In 1853 Dr. Smith was appointed Classical Examiner in the Univer- sity of London, which office he held tin 1869, when he was ap- pointed a member of the Senate of the University. In 1853 he com- menced the useful series of " Stu- dent's Manuals," by the publica- tion of a " School History of Greece from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest, with chapters on the History of Literature and Art." In 1854 he published his excellent edition of "Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ; " in 1855 he published '* A Latin-Eng- lish Dictionary, based on the works of Forcellini and Preund ; " and in 1860 he brought out his first volume of a "Dictionary of the Bible, comprising its Antiquities, Bio- graphy, Geography, and Natural History," which is designed to render the same service in the study of the Bible as the Diction- aries of Greek and Roman Antiqui- ties have done in the study of the Greek and Latin classics. The second and third volumes, complet- ing the work, appeared in 1863. Dr. Smith is the author of the " Student's Latin Grammar," pub- lished in 1863; of a Latin course, in five parts, entitled "Principia Latina;" of a Greek course in three parts, entitled " Initia GraBca ; " of a " School-Manual of English Grammar," and of nume- rous educational works of a high class. He became editor of iSie Quarterly Review in 1867, which office he stiU holds. In 1870 he brought out, in conjunction with Mr. Hall, '* A Copious and Critical English - Latin Dictionary," the