and at Corpus Christi College, Cam- bridge (B.A.. 1864; M.A., 1866). While at the University he obtained a first-class in the voluntary theo- logical tripos (1864), the Carus Undergraduate University Prize (1864), and the Carus and Schole- field University Prize (1865, and again, 1866). He was appointed ^of essor of Modern Literature in David's College, Lampeter, in 1865; Sector of St. Mary de Crypt, Glou- cester, in 1870; Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol (Dr. ElHoott), in 1870; Principal of the Theological Col- lege of Gloucester in 1875; Hon. Canon of Gloucester in 1875. In 1877 he was presented by the Queen to the vicarage of St. Pancras, London, void by the promotion of Dr. Anthony Wilson Thorold to the see of Rochester. Mr. Spence was in the same year appointed Bural Dean of St. Pancras. He has con- tributed many papers to the " Bible EduCiator;" is joint author with Dean Howson of a Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles (Anglo- American Commentary); and is one of the Commentators of the New Testament, and also of the Old Testament, edited by the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. Canon Spence is likewise editor of the "Pu^it Commentary on the Old and New Testaments," and of several works on the Talmud.
SPENCEE (Eabl), The Rianr Hon. John Potntz Spencbb, K.G., only son of the fourth Earl Spencer, bom at Spencer House in 1835, re- ceived his education at Harrow School and at Trinity College, Cam- bridge, where he graiduated in 1857. He represented tike southern divi- sion of the county of Northampton in the House of Commons from April to Dec, 1857, when he suc- ceeded to the title on his father's death. He was Groom of the Stole to the late Prince Consort, 1859-61; and Groom of the Stole to the Prince of Wales, 1862-67. In Dec, 1868, he was appointed Lord-Lieutenant
of Ireland, and he made his public entry into Dublin Jan. 16, 1869. He retained that office till the re- signation of the Gladstone Ministry in Feb., 1874. On the return of the Liberals to office in May, 1880, he was appointed Lord President of the Council. He was nominated Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, on the resignation of Earl Cowper, May 4,
1882, retaining his seat in the Ca- binet. He arrived in Dublin Castle on May 6, on the evening of which day Lord Frederick Cavendish, the newly-appointed Chief Secretary, and Mr. Thomas A. Burke, the Under-Secretary, were stabbed to death by assassins in the Phoenix Park, dose to the Castle. In March,
1883, Earl Spencer resigned the office of Loid President of the Council, but stiU remained a mem- ber of the Cabinet. The Univer- sity of Dublin conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.D. June 30, 1883. His lordship is Lord-Lieu- tenant of Northamptonshire, and master of the celebrated Pytchley Hunt.
•SPENCEE, Hbbbebt, was born at Derby in 1820. He was educated by his father, a teacher in Derby, and his unde, the Eev. Thomas - Spencer, a clergyman of the Estab- lished Church, who at one period travelled and lectured in the United States. At the age of seventeen he became a civil engineer, but after about eight years abandoned the profession, having during this period contributed various papers to the Civil Engineers* and ArchiteM Jour- nal, His first productions in general literature were in the shape of a series of letters on "The Proper Sphere of Government," published in the Nonconformist newspaper in 1842, some of which were reprinted in pamphlet form. From 1848 to 1852 he was engaged as a writer for the EconomiSi, and during this time published his first considerable work, "Social Statics: or, the Conditions essential to Human Happiness specified, and the first