•* Problematical Natures," 1861, 9th edit. 1880, and its sequel " Through Night to Light," 1862 ; "Hammer and Anvil," 1869, 8th edit. 1881 J "Ever Forward!" 1872 ; " What the Swallows Sang," 1873; and "Storm-Floods," 1878. He has also written "The Hohen- steins," 1864j "Rank and File,"1866; " Low Land," 1879 ; and " Quisi- sana," 1880. Among his smaller pieces are " Clara Vere," 1857 ; "On the Downs," 1858; "At the Twelfth Hour," 1863; "The Eose of the Court," 1864; "Hans and Margaret," a village story, 1868 j " The Village Coquette," 1869 ; " German Pioneers,^' 1870 ; " Ulti- mo," 1873 ; " The Skeleton in the House," 1879; and "Angela," 1881; and two comedies, "Love for Love," 1875 ; and " Hajis and Margaret," 1876. Since 1881 he has been at work upon a fresh work of fiction, which is to appear as a feuilleton in the Ifational Zeitung, and the finishing touches of which the author has completed during his stay in the summer of 1883, on the island of Nordency, which has been his an- nual retreat during the summer months for the last three years. The novel is entitled " Uhlenhanns" (John of the Owls). Spielhagen first intended to call his hero, " Hanns der Traeumer " (John the Dreamer), who is a native of Ruegcn, the island in the Baltic in which the scene of the previous novel "Angela" was likewise laid. His new book is very voluminous, in two large volumes, and similar to his " Problematische Naturen." It has a political background, but is a real family romance, totally removed from the materialistic characteristics of our present time. The poet has chosen the period of 1830 to 1840 for his work, and it is the evident object of the author to remind our generation that it is entirely wanting in idealistic ten- dencies and aspirations.
SPULLER, EuofiNB, a French politician, born at Seurre (C6te-
d'Or), Dee. 8, 1835, prosecuted his studies at the Lyceum and the Faculty of Laws at Dijon, and became a member of the Paris bar in 1862. After having been em- ployed in several political cases, he abandoned the legal profession in order to engage in active political life and journalism . At the general elections of 1863 he supported, at private meetings, the candidature of irnUe OUivier against the official candidature of M. Varin, in the third circonscription of the Seine. He then became editor of the Europe of Frankfort, and contri- buted to the Nain Jaune, the Jour- nal de Paris, and the Journal de Oenh^e, Having formed a friend- ship with M. Gambetta, he became, in 1868, one of the foimders of the Revue Politique, He was also one of the contributors to the Encyclo- pMie a^drale (1869-70). At the legislative elections of 1869 he opposed M. ^mile 011ivier*s candi- dature, which, not long before, he had supported ; and he vehemently opposed the plebiscite of May, 1870, publishing a " Petite Histoire du Second Empire, utile h. lire avant le vote du Plebiscite." After the revolution of Sept. 4, 1870, he was M. Gambetta's confidential friend and secretary, and in Nov., 1871, he became the principal editor of La R^puhlique Fran(;aisc. He resigned that post in 1876, when he was elected a Deputy for the 3rd arron- dissement of Paris. On Feb. 6, 1880, he was elected President of the Advanced Left Deputies, de- feating the more Radical M. Boys- set by 51 to 37. Besides the works already cited, M. Spuller has writ- ten, "Michelet, sa vie et ses oeuvres," 1876 ; "Ignace de Loyola et la Compagnie de Jc^sus," 1876 ; and " La Compagnie de Jesus devant I'Histoire," 1877; and a collection of his "Conferences," 1879.
SPURGEON, Chables Haddon,
bom at Kelvedon, Essex, June 19,
1834, was educated at Colchester,
and became usher in a school at