was received in London (dated July 11)^ giyiag a brief account of his recent expedition to the Equator. While Stanley was engaged under the Belgian Society political com- plications arose in consequence of the action of M. de Brazza^ who hoisted the French flag« and was said thus to imperil the freedom of the river Congo on the plateau above the cataracts.
STANSFELD, The Eight Hon. JakxSj M.P.^ the eldest son of Mr. James Stansfeld, of Moorlands^ Judge of the County Court of York- shire, at Halifax (who died Jan. 29, 1872), was born at Halifax in 1820, and educated at University College, London, where he attained the degree of LL.B. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1849 ; was elected one of the mem- bers for Halifax, in the advanced Liberal interest, in April, 1859; was appointed a Lord of the Ad- miralty in April, 1863, and resigned in April, 1864, owing to the dis- satisfaction caused by his intimacy with the conspirator Mazzini. He was appointed Under-Secretary of State under Lord Eussell's second administration, in Feb., 1866, and retired in June of that year. He was made Third Lord of the Trea- sury on Mr. Gladstone's coming into office in Dec, 1868, and in Oct., 1869, he succeeded Mr. Ayrton as one of the Joint Secretaries to the Treasury. The latter office he resigned in March, 1871, when he succeeded Mr. Gdschen as President of the Poor Law Board. He was appointed the first President of the new Local Government Board in Aug., 1871 ; and held that office till the resignation of Mr. Gladstone's Cabinet in Jan., 1874.
STANTON, The Bioht Rev. GiosoE Hknby, D.D., Bishop of North Queensland, was educated at Hertford College, Oxford (B.A. 1858 ; M.A. 1862 ; D.D. 1878) ; was curate of Christ Church, Eother- hithe, 1858-62 ; curate of All Saints, J^dstone, 1862-64 j curate of St.
Saviour, Fitzroy Square, 1864-67; vicar of Holy Trinity, St. Giles-in- the-Fields, 1867-78; and was con- secrated in St. Paul's Cathedral to the new diocese of North Queens- land, Australia, June 24, 1878.
STAPLETON, Augustus Gran- ville, born in 1800, was educated at Rugby and St. John's, Cam- bridge. He was appointed private secretary to Mr. Canning, in 1822. At that statesman's death he was made a Commissioner of CUstoms by desire of George IV., as "a tribute to Mr. Canning's memory," and having been entrusted with that statesman's papers, he pub- lished, in 1830, his " Political Life" during his last tenure of office. Mr. Stapleton contributed letters on foreign policy, signed ** Sulpi- cius" to the Times during April and May, 1836. At the request of the Conservative leaders he con- tested Birmingham (without suc- cess) at the election in 1837. In 1843 he published two pamphlets on "The Real Monster Evil of Ireland," propounding a scheme for the relief of Irish destitution. From 1850 to 1855 he contributed letters on foreign policy and in- ternational law, signed " Lex Pub- lica," to the Morning Herald. He published in 1850 " Suggestions for a Conservative and Popular Reform of the House of Commons," ad- vising a distinct and separate re- presentation in Parliament of the educated classes. This was fol- lowed by a pamphlet on *'The Educational Frpnchise." He was invited in 1851, by the friends of Protestant education in Ireland, to examine the schools under the National Board and the Church Education Society, and he gave evidence (1853) before a Committee of the House of Lords as to the result of his inquiry. In 1857 he published a pamphlet, " Hostilities at Canton," on the Lorcha Arrow case, which served as a principal brief to the opposition leaders, when the Government of the day were