He was called to the bar in 1823^ and appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, in 1839, having previously held, for several years, the posts of Solicitor-General and Attorney- General of Tasmania. He was Chief Justice of New South Wales from 1841. till Nov., 1873 ; received the honour of knighthood in 1846 ; was nominated President of the Legishitive Council, on its creation in 1856, but resigned in the follow- ing year ; was created a C.B. in 1862 ; administered the government of the colony, on the retirement of the Earl of Belmore, frbm Feb. 23 to June 2, 1872 ; was created a K.C.M.G. in 1874; and appointed Governor of New South Wales in Nov., 1875. Sir Alfred is a cousin of the late Bight Hon. Sir James Stephen, and of the late Serjeant Stephen, the author of the " Com- mentaries,'* whose pupil he was.
STEPHEN, The Hon. Sib James Pitzjames,K.C.S.I., D.C.L., eldest son of the late Kight Hon. Sir James Stephen, born at Ken- sington Gore, London, in March, 1829, and educated at Trinity Col- lege, Cambridge, where he gradu- ated B.A. in 1852, was called to the bar at the Inner Temple, in Jan., 1864. He chose the Midland Cir- cuit, became Recorder of Newark- on-Trent (1859-69), and acted as counsel for the Eev. Eowland Wil- liams when that gentleman was tried by the Court of Arches on a charge of heresy preferred against him by the Bishop of Salisbury. His speech was reprinted in a separate form in 1862. He was an imsuccessful candidate for the re- presentation of Harwich in 1865, and for the Eecordership of London on the resignation of Mr. Bussell Gumey. In Dec, 1869, he received the appointment of Legal Member of the Council of the Governor- General of India, in the place of Mr. (now Sir Henry) Maine, and he held it till April, 1872, when he returned to this country. During
the three years he spent in India he laboured hard to consolidate, abbreviate, and simplify Indian law. In 1873 he imsuccessfully contested Dundee. He was ap- pointed by the Inns of Court Pro- fessor of Common Law in Dec., 1875, and a member of the coun- cils of legal education and law reporting. In 1877 he was nomi- nated a K.C.S.I. ; and in 1878 a member of the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the provi- sions of a Draft Code relating to Indictable Offences. Sir James has published a " General View of the Criminal Law of England," 1863 ; " Essays by a Barrister," reprinted from the Saturday Review, 1862; " Liberty, Equality, and Frater- nity," 1873 ; " The Digest of the Law of Evidence," and a " Digest of the Criminal Law," 1877, which formed the basis of an elaborate Bill on Indictable Offences which was brought forward in the House of Commons by the Attorney- General (Sir John Holker) on the part of the Government, in 1878, and the consideration of which was postponed till the following session. In Jan., 1879, he was appointed to the Judgeship of the High Court of Justice (Exchequer Division), va- cant by the resignation of Baron Cleasby. Since then he has pub- lished " A History of the Criminal Law of England," 3 vols., 1883.
STEPHEN, Leslib, M.A., son of the late Sir James Stephen, the author of " Essays on Ecclesiastical Biography," and brother of Mr. Justice Stephen, was born at Ken- sington, Nov. 28, 1832, and edu- cated at Eton School and at King*3 College, London, whence he pro- ceeded to Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1854 and M.A. in 1857. For several years he was Fellow and Tutor of Trinity Hall. In 1864 Mr. Stephen left Cambridge, and since then he has been actively engaged in lite- rary pursuits in London. He was editor of the Cornhill Magatine