Oriental Societies of Europe and of India. The Secretary of State for India appointed Professor Monier Williams honorary delegate to re- present the Government of India at the fifth International Congress of Orientalists held at Berlin in Sept., 1881.
WILLIAMS, Penby, painter, a native of Merthyr-Tydvil, Glamor- ganshire, born at the commence- ment of the century, first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1821', and went, in 1827, to Rome, where he has since resided. He sends, almost annually^ for exhibition in this country, pictures of Italian life and scenery, delicately painted, full of life and expression, showing how much his style has been influenced by his long residence in Italy. His principal works are: "Procession to the Christening, a Scene at I'Ariccia;'* "The Festa of the Ma- donna dell* Arco ; " " The Fountain, a Scene at Mola di Gaeta;*' "The Oampagna of Rome ; " "II Voto, or the Convalescent," and "Ferry on the River Nimfer/'
WILLIAMS, Samuel Wells, LL.D., born at Utica, New York, Sept. 22, 1812. He was educated at the Rensselaer Institute, Troy, learned printing, and in 1833 pro- ceeded to China as a printer for the Missionary Board at Canton, and aided in editing The Chinese Reposi- tory. In 1841 he published "Easy Lessons in Chinese;" in 1843, an "English and Chinese Vocabu- lary;" in 1844, a "Chinese Com- mercial Guide." He returned to the United States in 1845, and published "The Middle Kingdom" 1848. Returning to China, he became editor of The Chinese Re- pository ; in 1858-4 he was inter- preter to Commodore Perry's Japan Expedition ; and in 1855 was secre- tary and interpreter to the U.S. legation. In 1856 he published "Ying Wa piu Wau, Ti (it I'u: a Tonic Dictionary of the Chinese Language in the Canton Dialect ; " and in 1874 a "Syllabic Dictionary
of the Chinese Langua^." His later books are a pamphlet on " Chinese Immigration," 1879, and " False Gods, or the Idol Worship of the World," 1881, prepared jointly by F. S. Dobbins and Dr. Williams. In 1858 he assisted Mr. W. B. Reed, the American Envoy, in the negotiations at Tientsin, and in 1859 went with Mr. Ward to Peking to exchange the ratifica- tions. In 1860 he returned to the United States, and spent nearly two years there ; then went to China as Secretary of Legation, and rendered great service in the negotiations between the Western Powers and China. Since 1875 he has been connected with Yale Col- lege, and since 1881 has been Pre- sident of the New York Bible Society.
WILLIAMS, Thb Hon. Sib Watkin, is the eldest son of the late Rev. Peter Williams, rector of Llansannan, Denbighshire, by Lydia Sophia, daughter of the Rev. James Price, of Plas-yn-Llysfaen, in that county, and was born in 18^. He was educated at the Grammar School at Ruthin, at St. Mary Hall, Oxford, and at the London University. For many years he studied medicine, but abandoning that profession, he was called to uie bar at the Inner Temple in 1854, when he joined the Home (now the South - Eastern) Circuit. In 1859 he was appointed to the office of "Tubman" in the Court of Exchequer. He " received silk" in 1873. Sir Watkin Wil- Hams, who is a magistrate for the county of Denbigh, was M.P. for Denbigh in the Liberal interest from 1868 down to the general election of April, 1880, when he was chosen member for Carnarvon- shire. In Nov., 1880, he was ap- pointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature, as a Justice of the Queen's Bench, and shortly afterwards received the customary honour of knighthood. He has been twice married — ^first, in 1855, to Henrietta, daughter of Mr. Wil-