Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/137

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

the Clergy of the Diocese of Ripon in 1858, 1861, 1864, 1867, and 1870; several single Sermons, and Lectures on various subjects.

BICKMORE, Albert Smith, born at St. George's, Maine, March 1, 1839. He graduated at Dartmouth College in 1860, and immediately commenced the study of natural history under Agassiz, who, in the following year, placed him in charge of the department of Mollusca in his Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge. He had, very early in his scientific career, determined to establish at New York a Museum of Natural History. Partly to make collections for this, and partly to supply some deficiencies in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, he sailed in 1865 for the East Indies. He spent one year making collections of shells and small animals in the East Indian Archipelago; then traversed a large portion of China, visited and explored Japan, crossed Siberia, visiting its mines, Central and Northern Russia, and other European countries, and returned to New York in about three years from the date of his departure. In 1869 he published in London and New York a volume of his "Travels in the East Indian Archipelago," and a German edition at Jena. In 1870 he was elected Professor of Natural History in Madison University, Hamilton, New York. He has been a frequent contributor to the American Journal of Science, and the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society; and is now Superintendent of the Museum of Natural History, New York, which was inaugurated at the close of 1877.

BIDDULPH, Lieut.-Gen. Sir Michael Anthony Shrapnel, K.C.B., is the second son of the late Rev. Thomas Shrapnel Biddulph, of Amroth Castle, Pembrokeshire, sometime Prebendary of Brecknock, by Charlotte, daughter of the Rev. James Stillingfleet, Prebendary of Worcester, and was born in 1825. He was educated at Woolwich, and entered the Royal Artillery in 1843 as a second lieutenant. He was promoted to first lieutenant in the following year; became captain in 1850, brevet major in 1854, brevet lieutenant-colonel in 1856, colonel in 1874, major-general in 1877, and lieutenant-general in 1881. General Biddulph served throughout the Eastern campaign of 1854–55, including the battles of Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman, and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. He was Deputy Adjutant-General of Artillery in India from 1868 to 1871, and in 1876 he was appointed Brigadier-General in command of the Rohilkund district; he also commanded the Quettah field force in Afghanistan in 1878–9. He was nominated a Companion of the Order of the Bath (military division) in 1873, and promoted to a Knight Commandership of that Order in 1879. In 1881 he was appointed to the divisional staff of the army in Bengal. Sir Michael Biddulph married, in 1857, Katharine, daughter of Captain Stamati, Commandant of Balaclava.

BIDDULPH, Sir Robert, K.C.M.G., is son of the late Mr. Robert Biddulph, of Ledbury, Herefordshire, by Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. George Palmer, M.P., of Nazing Park, Essex. He was born in London, Aug. 26, 1835, and educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He was appointed second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in 1853; captain in 1860; major in the army in 1861; lieutenant-colonel in 1864; colonel in 1872; brigadier-general in 1879; and major-general in Cyprus in July, 1879. He was Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General in India from 1858 to 1860; Military Secretary in China in 1860–61; Military Secretary in Madras from 1861 to 1865; and Deputy Assistant-Quartermaster-General at Woolwich