and "Nature and Science" ("Natur und Wissenschaft"), 1862. He has also contributed to periodical publications various treatises on physiology, pathology, and medical jurisprudence.
BUCKINGHAM and CHANDOS (Duke of), The Right Hon. Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple Nugent Bridges Chandos Grenville, Marquis of Buckingham and Chandos, &c., was born Sept. 10, 1823, and succeeded his father as third duke July 29, 1861. He represented Buckingham from 1846 to 1857; was a Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1852; Keeper of the Prince of Wales' Privy Seal, and Deputy Warden of the Stannaries. He was elected chairman of the London and North-western Railway Company in 1853, and resigned in 1856. His grace was appointed Lord President of the Council under Earl Derby's third administration, in July, 1866, and succeeded the Earl of Carnarvon as Secretary of State for the Colonies, March 2, 1867. He held the latter office until Mr. Gladstone came into power in December, 1868. In July, 1875, he was appointed Governor of Madras, and he held that post till 1880.
BUCKLEY, Miss Arabella Burton, daughter of the Rev. J. W. Buckley, Vicar of St. Mary's, Paddington, was born Oct. 24, 1840, at Brighton. For many years she acted as secretary to the well-known geologist, Sir Charles Lyell. Miss Buckley is the author of "A Short History of Natural Science," "The Fairyland of Science," "Life and her Children," "The Winners in Life's Race," and editor of the ninth edition of Mrs. Somerville's "Physical Sciences."
BUCKMAN, James, F.L.S., F.G.S., F.S.A., son of Mr. John Buckman, born at Cheltenham in 1816, and educated at a private school, was appointed Curator and Resident Professor at the Birmingham Philosophical Institution in 1846, and from 1848 to 1863 held the post of Professor of Geology and Botany at the Royal Agricultural College at Cirencester. At an early age he was articled to a surgeon-apothecary at Cheltenham, and afterwards studied chemistry, botany, and geology in London. He was for many years Hon. Secretary and Lecturer at the Cheltenham Philosophical Institution, and he was presented with a handsome testimonial on leaving for Birmingham in 1846. He has since received two valuable testimonials, one from the inhabitants of Cirencester and his scientific friends, and the other from his pupils on resigning his appointment at the Royal Agricultural College. Professor Buckman is the author of "The Pittville Spa, Cheltenham: Analysis of its Waters, &c.;" "Chart of the Cotteswold Hills;" "Our Triangle: Letters on the Geology, Botany, and Archæology of the Neighbourhood of Cheltenham," 1842; "The Flora of the Cotteswolds," 1844; "The Geology of the Cotteswolds," 1845; "The Ancient Straits of Malvern; or, an Account of the former Marine Conditions which separated England from Wales;" "The Remains of Roman Art," 1850; "History of British Grasses," 1858; and "Science and Practice in Farm Cultivation," 1863. He has contributed several papers to the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and to the Geological Society; many published notes on Geology, Zoology, and Botany, and several Prize Essays in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society; papers in the Bath and West of England Society's Journal; articles in Morton's "Cyclopædia of Agriculture," and articles (nearly 300) in the Agricultural Gazette and other journals. Mr. Buckman has enriched Cirencester with a fine museum of Roman antiquities, mostly collected by himself, and with a large collection of fossils. The former are deposited