Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/212

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BURROWS—BURT.

brary of Medicine" the articles on "Hæmorrhage" and several papers on professional subjects to the Medical Gazette, Medical Times, and to "The Transactions of the Medico-Chirurgical Society." He is the author of a learned work on "The Cerebral Circulation and the Connection of Diseases of the Heart and Brain." Sir George married a daughter of the celebrated John Abernethy. (She died March, 1882.)

BURROWS, Montagu, R.N., M.A., third son of Lieut.-General Burrows, was born at Hadley, Middlesex, Oct. 27, 1819, and educated at the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth, where he obtained the "First Medal" in 1834. He served continuously in the Royal Navy till he obtained the rank of Commander in 1852, and became, a retired Captain in 1867. He matriculated at Oxford University, 1853; took the degree of M.A. there, and that of Hon. M.A. of Cambridge, in 1859; was elected to the Chichele Professorship of Modern History in 1862; became a Fellow of All Souls in 1870; and member of the Hebdomadal Council of his University in 1876. During his service in the navy he was engaged in several actions with Malay pirates, under Captain Chads, and received medals from the English and Turkish Governments for the capture of St. Jean d'Acre in 1840. He was made Commander for his services in H.M.S. Excellent. He is the author of "Pass and Class: an Oxford Guide-book through the courses of Literæ Humaniores, Mathematics, Natural Science, Law, and Modern History," 8rd edition, 1866; "Constitutional Progress, a series of Lectures delivered before the University of Oxford," 1869; "A Memoir of Admiral Sir H. Chads, G.C.B.," 1869; "Worthies of All Souls: Four Centuries of English History illustrated from the College Archives," 1874; "Parliament and the Church of England," 1875; "Imperial England," 1880; "Oxford during the Commonwealth" (Camden Society), 1881; "Wiclif's Place in History," 1882. He married, in 1849, Mary Anna, daughter of Sir James W. S. Gardiner, Bart., of Roche Court, Hants.

BURT, Thomas, M.P., was born Nov. 12, 1837, at Murton Row, near Percy Main, Northumberland, being the son of Peter Burt, a coal-miner. While he was yet a child, seventeen months old, his parents went to Whitley, whence they had to remove about a year afterwards, when the pit was thrown out of gear by an explosion. Their next place of abode was New Row, Seghill, now styled Blake Town, where they remained five years, and at a later period they settled at the Seaton Delaval colliery. Young Burt, who had been working in the coal-pits from an early age, here began that course of self-culture which has gone so far to supply the deficiencies of his previous education. In 1860 he removed to Choppington, and married Mary, daughter of Thomas Weatherburn. In 1865 he was appointed Secretary to the Northumberland Miners' Mutual Association. In this capacity he rendered himself so popular among the miners that it was determined to nominate him as the working class candidate for the representation of Morpeth at the general election of Feb., 1874. He was returned by 3332 votes against 585 given for Captain Duncan, the Conservative candidate. The Northumberland miners have voluntarily taxed themselves to the extent of £500 a year, in order to supply him with the means of supporting the honour of a seat in the House of Commons. In June, 1880, he was elected a member of the Reform Club by the Political Committee, under the rule empowering the body to elect two candidates in each year for marked and obvious services to the Liberal cause. Mr. Burt presided over the