CAIIJ, AueiraTE, sculptor, l>om mPtoig, Nov. 4, 1822, worked first with t carpenter, and afterwards eaimi the studio of 'Mi. Rude. H. Cain, who has devoted liis atten- tion to (groups of animals, first exMbited at Paris in 1B46, and is the pabliaher of his owxk bronzes. Amongst numerous ^frorlcs he has exhibited "The Dormouse and Tomtit," 1»46 ; " The Frogs desir- ing a King." 1850 ; *' The Eagle delending his Prey," 1S52 ; " An Eagle chamng a Vulture," 1857; "lacm and Xdoness quarrelling about a WUd Boar/' 1875 ; and "I Family of Tigers," 1876. Several of these objects appeared in the Great Bxhibitaon of 1851, when H. Cain obtained the bronze medal. He baa received many recognitions of merit ; another medal in 1864 ; and a third at the Universal Expo ntion of 1867. M. Cain was nomi- nated a Chevalier of the Iiegion of Uonovir in 1869.
CA.1BD, SiB Jamks, Z.C.B.,
- F JL.S..bom at Stranraer, in 1816,
vras ed\icated at Edinburgh. Dur- ing the ProtecticHi controyersy in 18-19, Mr. Caird published a treatise on "High Farming as the best Substitate for Protection," which went lapidLy through eight edi- tions, and attracted much public attenticKn. In the automn of the same year, at the request of the late Sir Bobert Peel, he visited the ^west and south oi Ireland, then ptrortrate from the effects of the famine, and at the desire of the lord-lieutenant. Lord ClarendiMi, reported to the (Government on the measures which he deemed requisite for encouraging the re- vival of agricultural enterprise in that country. This report was en- larged into a volume, published in I860, descriptive of the agricultural resources d the country, and led to considerable landed investments being made there. During 1860 and 1851 Mr. Caird, as the com- ndsBioiier of the Time^, conducted mn inquixyinto the state of E ng l ish
agriculture, in which he visited every county in England ; and his letters, after appearing in the columns of the Times, were pub- lished in a volume, which has been translated into tiie French, Ger- man, and Swedish languages, be- sides being republished in the United States. In 1858 Mr. Caird published an account of a visit to the prairies of the Mississippi. A translation of this work appeared on the continent. Dtiring the autumns of 1853, 1851, and 1855 Mr. Caird published in the TimeM a series of letters on the com crops, which were considered to have had a material effect in allaying a food- panic. Invited at the general elec- tion of 1862 to offer himself to re- present his native district in Par^ liament, he was defeated by a majority of one. At the general election of 1857 he was elected member for the borough of Dart- mouth, as a supporter of Lord Palmerston, and an advocate of Liberal measures. In 1859 he was elected for Stirling without oppo- sition, and vacated his seat in J\Uy, 1866, on accepting the office of one of the Inclosure Commissioners. In 1860 he was appointed a mem- ber of the Fishery Board, and in 1863 became Chairman of the Koyal Commission on the Sea Fisheries of the United Kingdom ; Professor Huxley and Mr. Shaw Lefevre, M.P,, being his colleagues. That commission, after visiting the prin- cipal fishing ports of the kingdom, completed its labours in 1866 ; and the President of the Board of Trade, in the course of a discussion on the subject, thus expressed the opinion of the Government on the results of that inquiry : — " I may be per- mitted to say that I think a more able report than that which these commissioners have laid before Par- liament was never made. It is evident that this inquiry has been most searching and complete, and conducted in a most diligent and judicious manner. I tmnk the