Albxaitdsb, O.C.B., of an ancient Highland clan, was born about 1808. He entered tbe army in 1825, becaooe Captain in 1833, Major in 1839, Colonel in 1854, and Major- 6«neraJ in 1S59. He served with distinction in the Crimean campaign of 1S54-5, hsLwinf^ oommanded the 42nd regiment at tbe battle of the Alma, and the Highland brigade at the battle of Balaklava, and was s^tt oat to oommand the troops in Ne«r Zealand, with the local rank ot Lientenant-Oeneral, in 1863. In that capacity he highly distin- guished himself, and in 1864 he was nominated a Knight Com- mander of the Order of the Bath, Military Division, in recognition of his able serviceB against the Maoais. Sir D. Cameron was made Colonel of the 42nd Foot Sept. 9, 1863 ; and he was Governor (^ the Boyal Military College at Sandhmrat from 1868 to Jnne, 1875. He was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, 1873. He was promoted to the rank of General in the Army in Jan., 1875.
CAMEBON, SivoK,l)om in Lan- caster CO., Pennsylvania, March 8, 1799. Left an orj^ian at the age of nine, he learned the trade of a pifinter, and in 1820 became editor of a coantry newspaper. In 1822 he removed to Harrisburg, the capital of Pennsylvania, and took charge of the leading Democratic paper of the state. In 1832 he was president of a bank, and soon after at the head of two railway com- panies. In 1845 he was elected United States Senator, to fill a vacancy, acting throughout with the Democrats. In 18^ he became aAiliated with " the people's partj" in Pennsylvania (subse- qnently merged in the Bepublican party) ; and in the winter following was again elected United States Senator. Ho was 8ux>ported by the BepaUiaans of several states as a K^andidsnt^ tor the Presidency in I860, After Mr. lonooln'sinaugiira-
tion, he nominated Mr. Cameron for Secretary of War. He served in this capacity till Jan. 11, 1862, when he was ^pointed Minister to Russia, but returned to the United States in November of the same year. In 1866 he was again elected United States Senator, and in 1872 he replaced Mr. Sumner as Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations. He was re-elected m 1873, but resigned his seat in 1877, and was succeeded by his son, J. Donald Cameron (who still retains it). Since 1877 Mr. Cameron has taken no part in public life.
CAMERON, Vernkt Lovitt, C.B., D.C.L., son of the Rev. Jona- than Henry Lovett Cameron, now vicar of Shoreham, is a native of Radipole, Weymouth, Dorsetshire, and was educated at Bruton, Somersetshire. He was appointed Naval Cadet in Aug., 1857 ; Mid- shipman in Jan., 1^0; Sub-Lieu- tenant in Aug., 1863 ; Lieutenant in Oct., 1865 ; and Commander in July, 1876. He served in the Illus- trious from 1857 to Oct., 1858 j then in the Victor Emantiel till Aug., 1861 ; in the Liffey till July, 1862 ; in the Dejence tUl March, 1864 ; in the Hector till July, 1864 ; in the Terrible from April, 1865, to Oct., 1865 ; in the Excellent from Jan., 1866, to Oct., 1866; inthefitorfrom Oct., 1866, to Oct., 1870, and in the Steam Reserve at Sheemess from July, 1871, to Nov., 1872. Between Nov., 1872, and April, 1876, Lieu- tenant Cameron was engaged in that exploration of Africa which has made his name so familiar to the British public. He is the first Englishman or European traveller who has crossed the whole breadth of the African continent in its cen- tral latitudes beyond the western ^ore of Lake Tanganyika to the Atlantic sea coast of Lower Guinea. He left England under the auspices of the Roy^ Gecgraphical Society, in charge of the East Coast Living- tone Search Expedition. His com- panions were Dr. Dillon, Mr. ■ P 2