versity of Oxford in 1864, and that of LL.D., from the University of Dublin in 1865. He was President of the Eoyal Astronomical Society in 1872-73. He received the hono- rary degree of Doctor of Mathe- matics and Physios from the Uni- versity of Leyden, in Feb., 1875. In Nov. 1882, the Copley Medal of the Royal Society was awarded to him for his numerous profound and comprehensive researches in pure mathematics.
CECIL, Lord Eustacb Henry Brownlow Gascotne, M.P., second surviving son of the second Marquis of Salisbury, by his first wife Prances Mary, daughter of the late Bamber Gascoyne, Esq., was born in London in 1834, and educated at Hajrow School, and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He entered the army as ensign in the 43rd Light Infantry in 1851 ; served at the Cape of Good Hope, in India, and in the Crimea; and retired as captain and lieutenant-colonel, Coldstream Guards, in 1863. He represented South Essex in the House of Com- mons in the Conservative interest from July, 1865, to Dec, 1868, since which date he has sat for the western division of the same county. Lord Eustace Cecil, since he has been in Parliament, has always taken a great interest in military education, and the suppression of adulteration. He moved for a Royal Commission in 1866 to inquire into the state of Sandhurst and "Woolwich, and lost it only by a narrow division. He moved again for a Royal Commission to inquire into mUitary education in 1868, and that time was successful, and served as a member of the com- mission. He was mainly instru- mental, together with Mr. Muntz, M.P. for Birmingham, in passing the Adulteration Act of 1872. Lord E. Cecil is the author of "Impres- sions of Life at Home and Abroad." When Mr. DisraeH came into office in Feb. 1874, he appointed Lord Eustace Cecil Surveyor-General of the Ordnance. His lordship held
that office till the resignation of the Conservative party in April, 1880. He married in 1860 Lady Gertrude Louisa, fourth daughter of the second Earl of Eldon.
CERRITO, Francesca, called Fanny, a celebrated dancer, born in Naples, March 11, 1821, is the daughter of an old soldier of the Empire. While quite a child she was distinguished for great natural grace and vivacity. She made her first appearance in 1835, at the San Carlo theatre, in a ballet called "The Horoscope," and created great enthusiasm, and afterwards danced at the principal theatres of Italy. She was at Vienna for two years, and was a favourite every season from 1840 to 1845, in Lon- don, where she danced the famous pas de quatre with Ta^lioni, Carlotta Ghrisi, and Lucille Grahn. About this time she was married to a distinguished dancer and violinist, M. A. St. L^on, from whom she was 8ex>arated in 1850. Mdme. Cerrito, who was called the " Fourth Grace," composed jointly with M. Th^ophile Gautier, the "Gipsy," " Gemma," and other ballets. She is now residing in Paris.
CESNOLA (Count), Luioi Palma di, LL.D., born at Turin, Italy, July 29, 1832. He graduated at the Royal Military Academy at Turin in 1850, and served in the Italian army during the Crimean war. In 1860 he went to New York, where he gave lessons in French and Italian. When the civil war broke out, he formed classes for instruc- tion in military tactics and cavalry exercises, and was soon made Colonel of a volunteer regiment of cavalry. In Jime, 1863, he was wounded and made prisoner. After a captivity of nine months, he was exchanged, took part in the closing operations of the war, and was breveted as brigadier-general. In the spring of 1865, having become a citizen of the United States, he was appointed consul at Lamaca, in the idand of Cyprus, where he corn-