1868 till Dec, 1876, when he was made a Brigadier'>€teneral, and appointed to command the 1st . Infantry Brigade at Aldershot. In March, 1877, he attained the rank of Major-General, and in January of the following year he was nomi- nated to succeed (Jeneral Sir Arthur Cunninghame in the command of the troops in South Africa. He completed the subjugation of the Kaffirs, and restored Caffraria to a condition of tranquillity. In 1878 he was appointed Commander of the Forces and Lieutenant-Qovemor of Cape Colony, which offices he resigned in 1879 ; and in August of that year he was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. He had succeeded to the peerage on his father's death in 1878. Lord Chelmsford was ap- pointed to the chief command of the British troops in the Zulu war of 1879. Colonel Glyn's column, consisting of 2,100 Englishmen and 2,000 natives, was encamped at Isandhlwna, when an attack was made on the fortified camp by the Zulus, resulting in the nearly total annihilation of the garrison. A gallant defence was made the same day at Korke's Drift, about ten miles from Isandhlwna, by Lieu- tenants Chard and Bromhead, who with 80 men of the 80th regiment held the post against the desperate assaults of 4,000 Zulus, imtil they were relieved by Lord Chelmsford's troops. On April 2 an attack was made by an army of 11,000 Zulus upon the fortified camp of the British troops under Lord Chelms- ford at Gingholova, on the road to Ekowe, but the Zulus were repulsed with great loss ; and two days later the British troops who had been surroimded at Ekowe by Zulus after the disaster of Isandhlwna were relieved by the force under Lord Chelmsford's command. Reinforce- ments were sent from England, and by April 15 the British General was free to recommence the invasion of Zululand. The decisive battle of
IJlundi was fought on July 4, when the Zulu army was completely defeated. Our force numbered 4062 Europeans and 1103 natives, with twelve guns and two Gatlings, while the number of the enemy was computed at 20,000. We lost 10 killed, the Zulus about 1000. The credit of the victory admittedly belongs to Lord Chelmsford, but before this battle was fought Sir Gurnet Wolseley had landed at Durban, Natal, to supersede him in the command of the British troops operating against the Zulus. Lord Chelmsford, having resigned the command, arrived in England in Aug. 1879. He married, in 1867, Adria Fanny, daughter of Major- General Heath, of the Bombay army.
CHENERY, Thomas, M.A., was bom in Barbadoes in 1826, received his education at Eton, and at Caius College, Cambridge, and was after- wards called to the bar at Lincoln's < Inn. He was appointed the Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic at Oxford in 1868 by Dr. Wilberforce, Bi^op of Oxford and Lord High Almoner; was incorporated M.A. in that university, and became a member of Christ Church. In 1869 the Sultan nominated him a mem- ber of the second class of the Im- perial Order of the Medjidie ; and in 1870 he was appointed by the Committee of the Convocation of Canterbury one of the revisers of the authorized translation of the Old Testament. Mr. Chenery is Honorary Secretary to the Royal Asiatic Society. He resigned the Lord Almoner's Professorship of Arabic in 1877, and soon afterwards (in Nov. of the same year) suc- ceeded Mr. Delane as editor of the Times newspaper. He attended, as one of the London delegates, the Congress of Internationalists which was neld at Florence in Sept. 1878. As an Oriental scholar, he is chiefly known by his translation of " The Assemblies of Al Hariri, with notes historical and grammaldcal/' 1867 «