additional notes, in the American edition, of "lunge's Commentary" (1872); The Book of Proverbs" (1872); and "Bairrfffir; its Mean- ing and Use, philosophically and historically investigated" (1872.) He is a member of the American Committee co-operating with the Convocation of Canterbury, Eng- land, in the revision of the Author- ized English version of the Bible, and is conceded to be one of the first Hebraists of the time. In conjunc- tion with his daughter Blandina, he published, in 1878, a ** (General and Analytic^ Index to the Ame- rican Cyclopcedia."
CONGEEVE, Richard, M.A., bom Sept. 4, 1818, was educated at Kugby under Dr. Arnold, and be- came successively Scholar, Fellow, and Tutor of Wadham College, Ox- ford, where he graduated B.A. in 1840, taking first-class honours in classics. Having acted for some time as an assistant-master at Rugby, he returned to Oxford, where he resumed his tutorship at Wadham College. In 1855 he pub- lished a small volume on the history of the Roman Empire of the West, and an edition of " Aristotle's Poli- tics," with notes (2nd edit., 1874). He resigned his fellowship, and after deeply studying the social and religious system of the late M. Comte, embraced it as the best solu- tion of the social and religious diffi- culties which surrounded him. Mr. Congreve has since published ** Gib- raltar ; " a pamphlet on Indian mat- ters, in which he recommends Eng- land to give up its Indian empire as indefensible ; " Italy and the Western Powers;" ** Elizabeth of England ; " " The Catechism of Positive Religion " ( 1858) ; " Essays : Political, Social, and Religious" (1874) ; and some sermons.
CONKLING, RoscoE, born at Albany, New York, in 1828. He studied law, and in 1858 was elected a Representative in Congress; he was re-elected from term to term until 1867, when he was chosen
Senator, and re-elected in 1873, and again in 1879. He soon took a pro- minent place among the leaders of the Republican party, and in 1876 was a prominent candidate for the Presidential nomination, which, however, was given to Mr. Hayes. At the National Convention of 1880, he endeavoured to secure the nomi- nation of Qen, Grant, but the public sentiment was too strongly opposed to third terms for him to succeed. Failing to obtain the support of the Senate in opposing some of Presi- dent G^arfield's New York appoint- ments, Mr. Conkling, with his col- league. Senator Piatt, resigned his seat in the Senate early in 1881, in order that the Legislature of New York might pass judgment upon his quarrel with the President. After a protracted contest, he failed in his attempt to secure a re-election, and has not since appeared in public Ufe. Upon the accession to the presidency of Mr. Arthur, the posi- tion of Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States was offered him, but he declined it. He is now practising law in New York City.
CONN AUGHT (Dukk of). His Royal Hiohnbss Abthur William Patrick Albert, K.G., K.T.. K.P., G.C.M.G., Prince of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Coburg and Gotha, the third son of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, was bom at Buckingham Palace, May 1 , 1850. He entered the Military Aca- demy at Woolwich as a cadet in 1866, became a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1868, and a lieu- tenant in the Royal Artillery in Feb., 1869. He was appointed a lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade in Au^., 1869, and a captain in excess of uie establishment of the regiment in 1871. On attaining his majority in the last-named year Parliament voted him a grant of ^15,000 per annum ; and an addition of .£10,000 was voted on his marriage in 1879. Prince Arthur was creat^ Duke of Connaught and Stratheam, and