re-distribution of seats; and he is in f ayonr of the system called " Home Sole" for Ireland. In spite of serious personal disadvantages, arising chiefly from his rough northern accent, Mr. Cowen soon acquired a considerable reputation as a Parliamentary orator. He has a rooted distrust of Bussia, and this led to his temporary estrange- ment from the Liberal party during the crisis in the East. Mr. Cowen has written numerous political pam- phlets. He married in 185^ Jane, daughter of Mr. John Thompson, of Falfield, co. Durham.
COWIE, The Vkbt Bev. Ben- JAMTH MoBQAN, D.D., Dcau of Manchester, born June 8, 1816, was educatea at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A., as Senior Wrangler, in 1839, and was elected Fellow of his col- lege. In 1844 he was appointed Principal of the College of Civil Engineers at Putney. He was a Select Preacher in his university, and preached the Hulsean Lectures in 1853 and 1854 ; was elected Pro- fessor of Geometry at Gresham Col- lege in 1854, and became a Minor Canon of St. Paul's in 1858. He also held the vicarage of St. Lau- rence Jewry, in the City of London, from 1858 to 1873. In 1859 he was appointed a Government Inspector of Training Schools, and in 1866 Warburtonian Lecturer at Lincoln's Inn. He was nominated one of the Chaplains in Ordinary to her Ma- jesty, Jan. 14, 1871, and was ap- pointed dean of Manchester in Oct. 1872. In 1880 he was elected Pro- locutor of the Lower House of Con- vocation of the Province of York, in succession to the late Dean of York, the Hon. A. Duncombe. Mr. Cowie published in 1846 a " Catalogue of the Library of St. John's College, Cambridge ; " and he is author of some theological works.
COWIE, The Bioht Bev. Wil- i^iAM Gabdbn, D.D., Bishop of Auckland, New Zealand, second son of the Iftte Alexander Cowie^ Esq.,
formerly of Auchterless, Aberdeen- shire, was born in London in 1831, and educated at Trinity Hall, Cam- bridge (B.A., 1855; M.A., 1865; D.D., 1869). After taking orders he officiated as an army chaplain for some years; became domestic chaplain to Bishop Cotton, of Cal- cutta, in 1864 ; rector of Stafford in 1867; and was consecrated Bishop of Auckland in 1869, in succession to the late Dr. Selwyn (afterwards Bishop of Lichfield), who bore the title of Bishop of New Zealand, and was Metropolitan. He has pub- lished "Notes on the Temples of Cashmere," "A Visit to Norfolk Island," and some single sermons.
COWLEY (Eabl), The Bight Hon. Henbt Bichabd Charles Wellesley, K.G., G.C.B., the only son of the first Baron Cowley (who was a younger brother of the late Duke of Wellington), born June 17, 1804, was educated at Eton, and entered the diplomatic service at the usual age. He became successively Secretary of Legation, and after- wards Ambassador at the Ottoman Borte, Minister Plenipotentiary to the Swiss Cantons (1848), Minister Plenipotentiary on a special mission at Frankfort (1851), Envoy Extra- ordinary and Minister Plenipoten- tiary to the Germanic Confederation (1851), and Ambassador at Paris (1852). This post (which was oc- cupied by his father before him) his lordship held both under the Re- public and the Empire, and he was believed to have great influence with Napoleon III. He took part in the coi^erence at Paris in 1856, when,
i'ointly with the Earl of Clarendon, le signed the treaty of peace with Russia on behalf of England. He was created Yiscoimt Dangan and Earl Cowley for his diplomatic ser- vices, April 4, 1857, and made a K.G. in 1865. His lordship resigned the post of Ambassador at Paris in 1857. The University of Oxford conferred on him the honorary degree of D.C.L. in 1870. COW PER (Eabl), The Riqht