Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/346

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DECAZES— DBCHAMPS.

829

tantinopoli " (6th edit. 2 yols. Milan, 1877-8) ; " Marocco " (Milan, 1879); "Eicordi di Pari«" (3rd edit. Milan, 1879). Of Aese the following have appeared at London . in English versions by Caroline Tilton :— " Constantinople," 1878 ; " Morocco, its people and places," 1879 J and "Holland," 1880. Si- gnor De Amicis has also published " Eitratti letterari " (Milan, 1881), and "Poesie" (2nd edit. Milan, 1881).

DECAZES, Louis Cha&lxs Elib Amanieu, Due, eldest son of Elie, Due Decazes, a well-known French statesman (who died in 1860), was bom May 19, 1819. Entering the diplomatic service of his country, he was sent as Minister Plenipoten- tiary and Envoy Extraordinary to Madrid and Lisbon, but when the revolution of 1848 occurred, the Marquis Decazes, as he was then styled, retired from public life. Subsequently he was elected a member of the Conseil G4n4ral of the Gironde, and in 1869, at the elections for the Corps L^gislatif, he contested the fourth ciroon- scription of that department, but was defeated by the (Government candidate, M. Chaix d'Est-Ange,

J'un. After the fall of the empire le was more successful, for, renew- ing his candidature at the general el^stion of Feb. 1871, he was re- turned to the Rational Assembly by the department of the Gironde, polling upwards of 100,000 votes. As one of the leading members of the Bight Centre he has since taken a prominent part in the delibei^- tions of the Assembly. He resisted all the attacks made by the monarchists on the Government of M. Thiers, and after the triumph of his friends he was sent as Am- bassador to the Court of St. James's in Sept. 1873. Two months after- wards he was recalled from London, and entrusted with the portfolio of Foreign Affairs, which he held in severs^ cabinets, in spite of the modifications which the policy of

the Government from time to time imderwent. At the elections of Feb.-March, 1876, his candidature at ViUefranche (Aveyron) was un- successful, but he gained a seat in the Assembly, though not without difficulty, for l^e 8th arrondissement of Paris. On the opening of the session in April that year, the Duo Decazes took occasion to declare his profound respect for the laws which had organised the Govern- ment of the Republic and the powers of its illustrious President. He and all has colleagues in the Jules-Simon Cabinet sent in their resignations. May 16, 1877, but Ma^hal MacMahon declined to accept that of the Due Decazes, who consequently continued to be Foreign Minister in the BrogHe- Fourtou Cabinet. At the elections of Oct. 14, 1877, he was returned to the Assembly by the circonscrip- tion of Puget-Thlniers ( Alpes-Mari- times). He resigned the portfolio of Foreign Affairs, Oct. 30, 1877. The Due Decazes is a Commander of the Legion of Honour, has been decorated with the Grand Cross of tiie Order of Isabella the Catholic, and is honorary chamberlain to the Eling of Denmark.

DECHAMPS, His Eminence Victor Auquste Isidobe, Cardinal of the Boman Church, Archbishop of Mechlin, and Primate of Bel- gium, was born at MeUe, in the diocese of Ghent, Dec. 6, 1810. In 1831 he entered the seminary of Toumai, and there commenced those theological studies which he completed in the Catholic Univer- sity of Lou vain. He was after- wards admitted at the convent of Saint Trend into the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. After having taught theology for two years at Wittem, near Aix-la-Cha- pelle,he devoted himself exclusively to preaching. He acquired great renown as a pulpit orator, and attracted large crowds of auditors at Li^ge, Brussels, Louvain, and Toumai. The constant fatigue of

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