Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/370

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DRAKE—DU CAMP.

ted the illustrations to "The Newcomes," by his friend Thackeray, and some capital sketches of modern English society to the Cornhill Magazine. Mr. Doyle published a Christmas book for 1869, called "In Fairy Land: Pictures from the Elf World."


DRAKE, Sir William Richard, F.S.A., born in 1817, was brought up to the legal profession, and has practised for many years as an attorney in Westminster. He was appointed Treasurer of County Courts in 1862. In 1867 he was created by the King of Italy a Commander of the Order of St. Maurizio and St. Lazzaro; in 1868 the Sultan conferred on him the (second-class) Order of the Medjidie; and the Emperor of Austria has also bestowed upon him the Order of Knighthood of the Iron Crown. On Sept. 6, 1869, he was knighted at the instance of Mr. Gladstone, as a personal recognition of the services rendered to the Liberal party by Mr. Drake during the several years of close and confidential relations which had existed between him and its recognized representatives. His "Notes on Venetian Ceramics," and his contributions to art literature and archæological literature, have made him known to the more retired class of students and scholars.


DROYSEN, John Gustavus, Professor of History at Berlin, was born July 6, 1808, at Treptow, in Pomerania, and in 1835 became Professor in the University of Berlin, in 1840 in Kiel, in 1848 was intrusted with a commission from the provisional government of the Elbe Duchies to Frankfort, and became at a later date Member of the Parliament at Frankfort, and Secretary of the Constitutional Committee. In 1851, Dr. Droysen was nominated a Professor in the University of Jena, and in 1859 returned to Berlin, where he still remains. He is a Chevalier of the Order of Leopold of Belgium, and of the Order of the House of Ernest of Saxony. He has written a "History of Alexander the Great," 1837; "History of Hellenism," 2 vols., 1836–43; "Lectures on the History of the War of Freedom," 2 vols., 1846; "Life of F. Marshall, Count York of Wartenburg," 2 vols., 4th edit., 1863; "History of Danish Politics from Acts and Documents," conjointly with Samwer, 1850; and a "History of Prussian Politics," vols. i.–x., 1855–70. Dr. Droysen has also edited "A Translation of Æschylus," 3rd edit., 1868; and a "Translation of Aristophanes," 2nd edit. 1869.


DUBLIN, Archbishop of. (See Trench, Dr.)


DU BOIS – REYMOND, Emil Heinrich, Ph.d., Member and Perpetual Secretary of the Imperial Academy of Berlin, Imperial Privy Councillor, Professor in Ordinary of Physiology in the University of Berlin and Director of the Physiological Apparatus, and of the Physiological Laboratory, was born at Berlin, Nov. 7, 1818. In 1851 Dr. Du Bois-Reymond, who by his researches in the department of Animal Electricity has rendered the most important services to science, was elected a Member of the Imperial Academy. In 1858 he was nominated Professor of Physiology in the University, and afterwards was made a Perpetual Secretary of the Academy. He has written "Investigations on Animal Electricity" (vol. I., 1848, vol. II., Pt. I., 1849, Pt. II., 1860); "De fibræ muscularis reactione ut chemicis visa est acida," 1859; and other learned works.


DU CAMP, Maxime, son of a distinguished French surgeon, Theodore Joseph Du Camp (who died in 1824), was born at Paris, Feb. 8, 1822. On leaving college he travelled extensively in the East in 1844–45, and again in 1849–51. During his last journey he made a large collection of photographic negatives and scenes in Egypt,